Abstracts

STUDENT PRESENTATIONS AND POSTERS
11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Friday, April 20, UU-Mandela Room

Caleb Almeter, biochemistry; Sean Velazquez, biology and anthropology; Simone Hernandez, political science; Amelia Guyon, biomedical engineering; Emily Jelen, biology and art history, all sophomores
Advisor: Michel Shamoon-Pour, visiting assistant professor, anthropology
A Mitochondrial Perspective on Northern and Central Highland Populations of Western New Guinea
Abstract:
West New Guinea (WNG), the western half of the Pacific island New Guinea, is a valuable region for understanding migration patterns into Oceania. This study was conducted using mitochondrial HVS-1 data from 111 blood serum samples collected between 1960 and 1990 from villages in the northern and central highlands of WNG. Only non-Austronesian haplogroups were discovered, mitochondrial haplogroup Q the most common in both highland and lowland regions. Bayesian analysis yielded coalescent data for haplogroups P and Q, suggesting that they arrived in New Guinea in one migration, although Q was found to be older than P.

 

Azva Alvi, sophomore, biochemistry; Jacob Friedman, senior, business administration and management 
Advisors: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies; Daehan Won, assistant professor, systems science and industrial engineering 
A Study of the Severity and Onset of Symptoms in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in relation to Vitamin D and Other Nutritional Supplementation
Abstract:
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two primary types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Severity of these conditions are typically reflected through by a number of other gastrointestinal symptoms. These can include symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, and blood loss. Psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety are also consequences of these diseases. Using a deidentified IBD database of 6XX patients, regression analysis revealed that vitamin D, omega 3 and folic acid supplementation may reduce symptom severity of IBD. Additionally, vitamin D supplementation may also delay onset of IBD severity if consumed at an earlier age.

 

Thomas Annesi, biology; Jacob Buchner; integrative neuroscience; Kevin Favaron, biochemistry, all sophomores
Advisor: Susan Flynn, clinical assistant professor, Freshman Research Immersion and Chemistry
Determining the Entry Mechanism of Methionine Sulfoximine of C6 Cells Utilizing a Fret Biosensor 
Abstract:
The glutamate-glutamine cycle maintains homeostasis within the brain, preventing excitotoxic concentrations of glutamate from causing neuronal death. Excess glutamate in the synapse enters a glial cell where it is converted to glutamine by the enzyme glutamine synthetase (GS). The entry mechanism of a naturally occurring GS inhibitor, Methionine sulfoximine (MSO) was studied using a novel FRET reporter to detect glutamine using fluorescence. Cells were treated with glutamate then incubated and exposed to MSO only or MSO and the glutamate transporter inhibitor TBOA. Preliminary results supported the hypothesis that MSO enters glial cells through glutamate transporters.

 

Justin Applegate, sophomore, biochemistry 
Advisor: James MacKay, visiting associate professor, chemistry
Sequence Selective Recognition of Double-Stranded Non-Coding RNA via Triplex Forming PNA
Abstract:
Sequence selective recognition of non-coding RNA could allow for a better understanding of the role of non-coding RNA in biological processes. Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) has been shown to form triple helices with double stranded RNA via Hoogsteen hydrogen bonding. Alkyne containing uracil derivatives were created to form PNA monomers. These heterocycles could be modified, post PNA synthesis, using azide-alkyne cycloaddition to form a set of new nucleobases. This could be used to improve the binding affinity of PNA to RNA.

 

Jasper Arey, junior, human development; Erin Carr, senior, psychology; Megan Sedita, sophomore, psychology; Margaret Koekkoek, freshman, biochemistry and psychology; Lillian Harrington, junior, psychology
Advisors: Sean Massey, associate professor, women, gender and sexuality studies; Ann Merriwether, instructor, psychology and human development; Sarah Young, assistant professor, social work
How Much Sex is Too Much?: College Students’ Perceptions of Promiscuity
Abstract:
“Hypersexuality” is a term synonymous to “sex addiction,” but lacks a clear operational definition. Many researchers refer to hypersexuality as inherently negative. This study explores if college students share this understanding. A vignette app was used to examine whether the amount of sex a person has affects judgements of their psychological well-being, and whether these judgements are moderated by the protagonist's gender, sexual orientation, and frequency of hookups. We found differences in attitudes towards hypersexuality based on the characters placement along these three axes. Results are discussed in relation to ways the gender and sexual double standards are informed by sexual prejudice.

 

Margarita Ashkinazi and Kyle Warshavsky, juniors, psychology; Lital Ritvo, senior, human development; Brian Tehrani, junior, economics; Emily O. Doering, senior, psychology; Veronica Wang, senior, neuroscience
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
What is the optimal frequency and type of exercise for a positive mood?
Abstract: Research has shown that moderate amounts of exercise have significant effects on overall mood through increased self-esteem and well-being along with a reduction in symptoms of anxiety and depression. We used a modified version of the Food and Mood Questionnaire, which was sent through Google Forms as an anonymous Internet survey to look at data from ages 18 and older. Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlations between variables. Results reflect a positive relationship exercise frequency and reports of positive mood. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Jennifer Augustin, senior, biology and Spanish; Meghana Parik, graduate student, biology
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
Long Term Aversive Taste Memory in Drosophila
Abstract:
Taste allows animals to discern the palatability or the toxicity of food before its consumption. Although hardwired in the brain, it can be modulated by previous experience. Memory can be categorized by its persistence — short-term memory (STM) lasting few hours, long-term memory (LTM) lasting days or years. We use Drosophila melanogaster, as a model to study different phases of memory. We have previously established robust aversive taste memory assay leading to STM, and described the underlying neuronal circuit. Here, we are developing an assay to study the neurons and genes involved in the formation of long lasting memories.

 

Jieen Bae, senior, integrative neuroscience 
Advisors: Peter Huang, assistant professor, mechanical engineering, and Gretchen Mahler, associate professor, biomedical engineering 
Fabrication of a Novel, Multichamber Lung-on-Chip Microfluidic Device 
Abstract:
Organs-on-chips replicate the functionality of key components of a living human organ, maintain a controlled environment and are typically composed of a transparent polymer, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). We discuss the development of a lung-on-a-chip model to represent and emphasize an air-liquid interface that mimics the characteristic gas exchange at the alveolar level. A thin, porous membrane bisects a culture chamber vertically running between two slabs to allow cell growth on one side and medium flow in the other. This membrane acts as the selective barrier to allow exchange of nutrients and gases from the flow medium to the cultured cells.

 

Yong Jun Bae, junior, biology
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
Reward Taste Conditioning (RTC) Assay — A Method to Study Appetitive Taste Memory
Abstract:
Taste memory allows animals to modulate feeding behavior in accordance with past experience to avoid the consumption of potentially harmful food. It has been shown that appetitive behavior is hardwired in the brain, yet can be modulated by experience. So far, the modulation was demonstrated only by pairing the tastants with aversive stimuli like bitter tastant or noxious heat to reduce the innate preference. Here, we are developing a new taste memory assay to study how the modulation of feeding behavior can be diverted to increased preference to the tasted substance.

 

Violeta Bangiyev, sophomore, psychology and Judaic studies
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
Utilizing Eccentric Behavior to Inspire a Unique Form of Creativity in the Workplace
Abstract:
Creativity is often a characteristic that employers aim to encourage in workplace. Creativity can lead to reaching a larger audience when marketing, finding new ways to improve outdated tactics. The results of this study hypothesize and test if there is a strong positive correlation between unconventional behavior and radical creativity, which in turn aims to provide workplaces with more information on how to succeed.


Veronica Baran, Meryl Stromberg and Annie Bullock, graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
Campus Artifacts Through a Student Affairs Lens
Abstract:
Our presentation is a collection of photos that describe Binghamton University in terms of cultural artifacts. The photos evaluate different aspects of the current campus climate for students, faculty, administrators, and staff. Our project presents the information through a student affairs lens.

 

Annie Beyer-Chafets, junior, human development; Mike Calabro, senior, psychology; Samantha Wiatrak, sophomore, psychology
Advisors: Ann Merriwether, instructor, psychology and human development; Sean Massey, associate professor, women, gender and sexuality studies; Sarah Young, assistant professor, social work
Netflix & Chill or True Love: Examining Dating Motivation in College Students
Abstract: Prior research has shown that, although dating continues to be popular among college students, the word “dating” can mean different things to different people. Consequently, when two people go on a date, their motivations for doing so may also vary, complicating the dating experience. In this study, we examine patterns of dating motivation by gender, sexual orientation, and other demographics in order to understand what exactly drives people to go out on dates. Results show dating motivation is variable and includes: sexual gratification, finding love, or simply recreation.

 

Kara Bilello, senior, English literature and creative writing, Spanish language and literature 
Advisor: Leslie Heywood, professor of English
"Stay the Course": A memoir on eating disorder recovery
Abstract:
My primary goal in my presentation is to showcase the difference between an eating disordered self and a healthy self. To do so, I will present selections from my memoir, primarily from my introductory section, explain a bit of the challenges of treating and choosing eating disorder recovery (particularly in a discussion of how recovery itself is not linear), and present an image of a self based in "wise mind," as it is referred to in DBT, or in other words, a healthy self. I hope to showcase this through my dancing, most likely in a video. 

Paradyse Blackwood, senior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Jessica Hua, assistant professor, biological sciences 
The Effect of Temperature on Tadpole Plasticity to NaCl and Susceptibility to Parasites
Abstract:
Wild populations are influenced by anthropogenic activities including climate change. Studies have demonstrated that this can shape disease dynamics, but only with individual stressors. We investigated how susceptible wood frog tadpoles are to salt and temperature specifically how these factors interact and influence tadpoles and parasites. We conducted a 3 (20℃, 26℃, 20℃/26℃) by 2 (1gL-¹NaCl, 0gL-¹ NaCl) experiment. Tadpoles were then exposed to parasites or NaCl. We found that infection of tadpoles in salt and fluctuating temperatures decreased, and infection of tadpoles in just fluctuating temperatures increased. These results suggest that fluctuating temperatures make tadpoles more prone to infection.

 

Gretchen Ledwith Bogan, senior, anthropology and English
Advisor: Barrett Bowlin, director of Writing Center 
Waveland: A Creative Contemplation of Geospatial Identity
Abstract: The central interest of my creative project, a novel tentatively titled ‘Waveland, MS’, is the geolocational formation of identity. In particular, my work intends to reevaluate the southern regional identity through the examination of racialized and queered space. Southern literature is intensely preoccupied with the intersection of person and place and public and private. Embracing the magical and grotesque tradition of southern fiction, I intend my text to disrupt the “public secrets” of coastal Mississippi (of queer communities, magical Christianity, and racialized disaster response) and examine the town of Waveland’s relationship with the neighboring city of New Orleans.

 

Therese Boyle and Alexa Vidal, both seniors in psychology; Mariel Boyle, junior, psychology; Shannon Pizzella, senior, integrative neuroscience; Shai Katz, senior, psychology, history and Judaic studies.
Advisors: Sarah Young, assistant professor, social work; Sean Massey, associate professor, women, gender and sexuality studies; Ann Merriwether, instructor, psychology and human development
Does Familiarity Breed Contempt? Knowing Your Hookup Partner Affects Sexual Regret and Satisfaction
Abstract:
The stereotypical hookup suggests a sexual interaction between strangers. However, previous research has shown that many hookups occur with someone familiar. This study examines the relationship between hookup partner familiarity and sexual satisfaction and regret after a hookup. College students were surveyed about their most recent hookup experience, level of familiarity with their hookup partner, as well as sexual satisfaction and regret post-hookup. Sexual script theory (Simon & Gagnon, 2003) provides a framework to explore the influence of relationship closeness in casual sexual encounters. Implications are discussed regarding the relationships among partner familiarity, sexual scripts, and sexual satisfaction among college-age students.

 

Matthew Brandenburg, junior, biology 
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
Weight Loss Supplement Use in College Students
Abstract:
This purpose of this study was to assess usage and perception of weight loss supplements among US college students. No studies investigated weight loss supplement usage in this cohort. An anonymous internet survey was sent through various social media platforms. Participants’ ages ranged from 18-42 years. Responders were from various US universities. Bivariate and regression analyses were used to identify correlation between weight loss outcomes and types of supplements used. Results revealed that 37% of students lost weight and kept it off, while 58% of individuals lost weight but gained a majority of the weight back after stopping the supplement.

 

Katia Brock and Heather Goeller, sophomores, biology; Edgar Arias and Oluwafunmbi Adejola, sophomores in integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Michel Shamoon-Pour, visiting assistant professor, anthropology
Mitochondrial Diversity in Northern and Western Iranians
Abstract: The population of Iran is comprised of a wide range of different ethnolinguistic groups. This study aims to explore the mitochondrial diversity in Western and Northern Iran by sequencing the HVS-I region of 96 Iranian individuals. A majority of the mtDNA lineages belonged to West Eurasian haplogroups. East Asian and African haplogroups were also present. Although FST pairwise distances for ethnic and geographic populations were close to zero, differences in haplogroup frequencies were observed between ethnic and geographic subdivisions. Future studies aim to further investigate samples by performing full mitogenome sequencing, which will have the potential to reveal new subclades.

 

Arianny Cabrera, junior, philosophy, politics and law and sociology
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
“Boys will be boys" and "She was asking for it” How the Media Perpetuates Victim Blaming and the Rape Myth in Rape Cases
Abstract:
The media portrayal of rape influences how the public views, not only that specific case, but rape in general. I use a 21-point system of analysis to examine three different newspaper articles of 4 national rape cases. These four cases involve a white athlete, black athlete, victim who was drugged, and victim who was intoxicated. These cases are extremely similar with concrete evidence that the assailant committed the assault, yet they were portrayed differently. Through subtle language, news media outlets have distorted rape cases to continue this societal cycle of blaming rape victims and accusing them of enjoying the attack.

 

Nicole Chapko, sophomore, biology 
Advisor: Rolf Quam, associate professor, anthropology
Middle Ear Parameters in a Modern Human Population 
Abstract:
We analyzed a series of measurements taken on the middle ear ossicles (malleus, incus and stapes) and tympanic membrane in a recent human skeletal sample to gather baseline data for future studies in comparative audition. Statistical analysis of the measurements revealed a modest degree of sexual dimorphism in the ear ossicles, as well as some potential population-level differences. In addition, we found strong positive correlations between the size of the stapes footplate and the oval window on the medial wall of the middle ear. In contrast, no correlation was found between the measurements in the malleus and the tympanic membrane.

 

Nikita Char, freshman, integrative neuroscience 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship between External Scanning and Being Identified as a Peer Catalyst
Abstract:
Organizations are continuously advancing, requiring individuals to keep up with the increasing demand for better performance to edge out competition. This environment could foster a desire for an individual to engage in external scanning, in which they could further serve as a peer catalyst to promote creativity. As such, this research project hypothesizes that there is a positive relationship between external scanning and being recognized as a peer catalyst.

 

Alyssa Cohen, Megan Andrews and Victoria Lococo, graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
A Snapshot of Binghamton University: An Analysis of Campus Environmental Artifacts
Abstract:
Using pictures of various campus environmental artifacts, we take an in-depth look at the intentionalities and implications of our campus. We culminate our data into an environmental audit to examine one physical, one human aggregate, one organization, one constructed, and three related artifacts. We will analyze the artifacts using this audit and the knowledge gained in our courses.

 

Aiden Cullo, junior, physics, computer science and math
Advisor: Alexey Kolmogorov, associate professor, physics
Using Neural Networks to Mimic Ab initio Energy Calculations on Metal Nanoparticles
Abstract:
The lowest energy structures of metal nanoparticles can be difficult to predict and are subject to minute changes in atomic makeup and/or environmental variables. Ab initio energy calculations on large metal nanoparticles are computationally prohibitive which necessitates the use of more efficient methods. In Alexey Kolmogorov’s solid-state physics group, we are developing neural network-based interatomic models to calculate the energy of nanoparticles. In this research project, I’m working on improving the transferability of our neural network models by altering the training process and/or training data set.

 

Niles Davies, freshman, biology; Michael Dubner, freshman, undeclared; Ryan McGuire, freshman, biology
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between Radical Creativity and a Teacher's Confidence to use a Makerspace
Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of a teacher’s creativity on their confidence to teach effectively using a makerspace. We hypothesized that if a teacher is more creative, they will be more confident in using a makerspace. Our hypothesis was not supported by our data.

 

Samragyee De, freshman, political science and economics; Leah Fredericks, freshman, psychology
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between an Institution Valuing Diversity and The Degree to Which It Offers Diversity Training
Abstract:
Diversity is frequently a buzzword that is flippantly thrown into conversations, especially on college campuses. In this project, our goal is to examine the observed value a mid-sized public business school places on diversity in apposition of the skills training students receive. Literature has illustrated that a diverse team that is untrained in cross-cultural interactions may end up mismanaged, instead of successful (Bassett-Jones, 2005). The results of this project supported our hypothesis that there is a strong, positive correlation between valuing diversity and receiving training in cross-cultural interactions.

 

Aaron Deleon, junior, biology; Josue Ramos, senior, biology; Katrina Najac, senior, integrative neuroscience; Arielle Pistner, senior, integrative neuroscience; Elizabeth Severa, junior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
The College Lifestyle, G.I. Discomfort, and Weight Gain
Abstract:
This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE), investigating the relationship between G.I. disorders, weight gain, binge drinking, and stress throughout college. The literature lacks information on college lifestyle and its impact on G.I. disorders. An anonymous survey based on validated IBS and GERD questionnaires was shared through social media. Participants were college students from different US schools (18-25+ years old). Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlation between variables. Students experiencing G.I. discomfort and weight gain exhibit lifestyle factors most stereotypical of the typical American college student.

 

Dennis Dempsey, senior, physics 
Advisor: Bonggu Shim, assistant professor, physics
Laser Micromachining of Waveguides Using a Femtosecond Laser
Abstract:
Femtosecond laser direct writing of waveguides in flexible glass is a new frontier for flexible and wearable micro-devices for applications such as biotechnology and sensors. We utilize a pump-probe method and single shot quantitative phase imaging in order to measure the change of refractive index at the femtosecond timescale to investigate the underlying dynamics of waveguide manufacturing in flexible WillowTM Glass. We confirm direct waveguide writing functionality using the direct coupling method, and quantitatively measure time-resolved index of refraction changes through a michelson-type interferometric technique.

 

Jessica Dennehy, biological anthropology; Kristina Bell, political science and biology; Justin Chen, integrative neuroscience; Mary Athan, biological anthropology; Bennet Fraiser, integrative neuroscience, all freshmen
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Effect of Discussing Diversity on the Formation of a Respectful Environment
Abstract:
Diversity is a necessarily broad concept, containing such factors such as race, gender, and sexual orientation. Research shows that discussions pertaining to diversity and openness in the classroom help to increase feelings of inclusivity. This research aims to examine the relationship between discussions of diversity and a respectful environment. Through analyzing the responses of various students in a mid-sized university in regards to the level of discussion of diversity in one’s curriculum, data suggests that the amount of discussion about diversity in the classroom is positively related to the presence of a more respectful environment among students.

 

James DiPersio, freshman, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Effects of Autonomy on Creative Self-Efficacy 
Abstract: The freedom to act on one’s own agency defines autonomy. Extant research suggests that the degree of autonomy drives the positive influence of creative self-efficacy (D’Inverno & Luck, 2012). The goal of this research project is to look at the relationship between autonomy and creative self-efficacy. Correlation and regression analyses were used to test whether there was a correlation between autonomy and creative self-efficacy and how the change in autonomy could explain the change in creative self-efficacy.

 

Xue Dong, senior, physics
Advisor: Jeffrey Mativetsky, assistant professor, physics
Effective Charge Collection Area during Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy Measurements
Abstract:
Conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM) is a powerful tool to analyze the nanoscale electrical properties of materials. Previously, researchers have used the mechanical contact area between the C-AFM probe and the sample to estimate the local current density. In this study, we demonstrate that the effective charge collection area is much larger than the probe-sample contact area, due to current spreading. We present a simple experimental way to quantify the effective charge collection area during C-AFM measurements, making it possible to more accurately quantify and map nanoscale current density.

 

Wenna Duan, graduate student, computer science 
Advisor: Weiying Dai, assistant professor, computer science
Comparison of Brain Resting State Networks using MRI and EEG
Abstract:
Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL, an MRI method to measure brain blood flow) and electroencephalography (EEG) data were acquired separately on young healthy subjects to verify whether EEG signal reflects the same brain networks corresponding to those extracted from ASL images. Four brain networks were derived via group ICA from both resting state ASL images and concatenated resting state EEG recordings during both eye-open and eye-closed conditions. The stability and consistency of denoised EEG signals and high similarity in brain networks with ASL suggest that EEG may potentially provide a convenient and fast way for the diagnosis of brain connectivity change.

 

Dayne Feehan, senior, economics and sociology
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
Britain, India, and "Success" in the Long 19th Century: A World-Ecological Perspective
Abstract:
This paper examines the successes of British India during the 19th century. Instead of arguing that India became successful because of Britain’s capitalist influence, I argue that Britain succeeded as a result of its capitalist intervention in India at the expense of the Indian people and their land. India experienced deindustrialization, famine, and lost political sovereignty. India’s forced entry into the capitalist world system resulted in changes in class relations, resource allocation and fundamental changes in which humans and the rest of nature interacted. The exploitation and appropriation of both humans and extra-human natures is a prerequisite for capitalism’s success.

 

Jamin Garcia, Deven Loschavio and Julia Gabalski, integrative neuroscience; Kyla McKay, psychology; Jasmine Chevez and Joesph Landers, integrative neuroscience, all sophomores
Advisor: Corinne Kiessling, research assistant professor, psychology
The Effect of L-DOPA on Sex Differences in Neuroinflammation in the Striatum in Parkinsonian Rats 
Abstract: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease affecting millions, with greater prevalence in males than females. The "gold standard" treatment L-DOPA relieves behavioral symptoms yet may increase inflammation in the brain. It is unknown whether sex influences L-DOPA-induced neuroinflammation. To test this, we measured changes in striatal expression of the pro-inflammatory marker Interleukin-1β in Parkinsonian male and female rats after L-DOPA or vehicle treatment. Results concluded that L-DOPA raised inflammation levels in the striatum, but there was no difference in inflammation across sex. Further studies from this one aim towards looking at more pro-inflammatory markers than just Interleukin-1β.

 

Sebastian Geraci, senior, biology
Advisor: Anthony Fiumera, associate professor of biology
Studying the Effects of Induced Tolerance in Drosophila Melanogaster
Abstract: While insecticides are commonly used to control pests in agricultural systems, there are many known cases of pests developing resistance to these insecticides. One possible mechanism that can enhance this development is induced tolerance. This phenomena is one in which a very low, sublethal exposure induces tolerance to a much higher, normally lethal exposure. Induced tolerance would allow some individuals to survive a normally fatal exposure and could potentially facilitate the evolution of resistance. Evidence for induced tolerance exists for non-target vertebrates but we know of no examples investigating induced tolerance to insecticides in the genetic model system, Drosophila melanogaster.

Heather Giza, junior, biochemistry and studio art 
Advisor: Ming An, assistant professor of chemistry
Biophysical Study of WT-pHLIP using Tryptophan Fluorescence and Acrylamide Quenching
Abstract:
pHLIP (pH low insertion peptide) is a transmembrane pH sensitive molecule which selectively inserts into a cell membrane at low pH and has promising application to biomedical fields. The protonation of amino acid side chains at lower pH drives the insertion process, and understanding these intermediate stages is critical to studying pHLIP. Previous published data has shown Tryptophan Fluorescence with Acrylamide Quenching to be an effective means of studying insertion of pHLIP into the lipid bilayer, but after repetition of these experiments, a new story is unfolding about pHLIP's insertion process, which calls for reconsideration of the published data.

Miwa Goble, freshman, philosophy, politics and law
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Impact of Rewarding Creativity on Risk Perception in the Workforce
Abstract:
In an increasingly competitive and globalized economy, the value of creativity in workforce sectors, such as engineering, is invaluable. When employees feel as though their creativity is rewarded, creative efforts in the workplace are promoted, making it likely for people to pursue innovative risks. Risk is defined as taking initiative in producing new ideas and inventive solutions to existing problems corresponding to creative attributes. This research aims to determine the relationship between individual-based perceptions of rewards for creativity and the evaluation of that individual’s likelihood to take creative risks by others.

 

Roman Gutin, senior, chemistry
Advisor: Jeffrey Mativetsky, assistant professor, physics
Tuning the Electrical Properties of Graphene Oxide: A Multi-Step Approach 
Abstract:
Graphene Oxide (GO) is a cheap carbon-based material with tunable electrical properties allowing for potential implementation in low-cost and flexible electronic devices. Removal of oxygen from GO increases its electrical conductivity; however, leading oxygen removal methods require the use of dangerous chemicals and/or high-temperature processes. Here, we use a facile, non-hazardous, and green voltage-based method in conjunction with green chemical methods, which has demonstrated a greater extent of oxygen removal than either process individually. 


Chendong Han, graduate student, biomedical engineering
Advisor: Amber Doiron, assistant professor, biomedical engineering
Synthesis of Chitosan/ Poly Glutamic Acid Nanoparticles for Protein Delivery
Abstract:
Chitosan (CS) is a natural polymer deacetylated from chitin. The usage of chitosan in drug delivery has been exploited extensively due to its low immunogenicity, biocompatibility, biodegradability and low cost. Chitosan is not soluble in water at neutral pH. Once the primary amino group in the repeating glucosamine is protonated in acidic aqueous solution, chitosan becomes cationic polyelectrolyte in water. Poly glutamic acid (PGA) is negatively charged polyelectrolyte. By mixing CS and PGA together, colloidal nanoparticles are formed because of the electrostatic interaction between the two opposite charged polyelectrolytes.

 

Morgan Hulbert, junior, biology; and Elisabeth Standard and Amanda Roome, graduate students in biomedical anthropology
Advisor: Ralph Garruto, professor, anthropology
Chronic Wasting Disease and Human Health: Twelve-Year Follow-Up Study in an Upstate New York Population
Abstract: In 2005, attendees of a sportsman’s feast in Oneida County consumed a deer positive for Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), a fatal transmissible neurodegenerative disorder. This long-term study seeks to identify potential health risks of cross-species transmission of cervid prions to humans. Eighty-one participants who were in contact with a contaminated deer at a game dinner in upstate New York answered a baseline questionnaire in 2005. Follow-up surveys were administered through 2017. Data was entered into Excel and analyzed using SPSS. Results indicate no adverse health effects associated with CWD exposure. However, the incubation period for prion diseases is long, necessitating continued follow-up of the participants.

 

Jared Jaeger, senior, biology
Advisor: Jessica Hua, assistant professor, biological sciences 
Invasive-invasive facilitation across ecosystems enhanced by a common anthropogenic pollutant
Abstract:
The introduction of invasive species is particularly damaging to native communities. Stressful conditions, especially, can favor stress tolerant invasive species. Another stressor, chemical contaminants, has also been shown to favor stress-tolerant invasive species over native species. Thus, to examine if facilitation of invasive species is enhanced in polluted environments, we test if two stressors in wetland ecosystems, leachates from invasive plants and road salt, differently impact native and invasive amphibians. We found that invasive leaf litter leachate is stressful to native amphibians and not invasive amphibians, and that salt contamination can increase the likelihood of invasional meltdown.

 

Emily Katz, senior, psychology; Daphnie Sainvilus, freshman, mechanical engineering; and seniors Brezhe Brooks, psychology, Talya Cedeno, biology; and Yaribeth Rodriguez, human development
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
The Effect of Diet and Lifestyle on Mental Health 
Abstract:
Diet, sleep, and exercise patterns affect mental health. The purpose of the study was to assess diet and lifestyle habits on overall mood in college students. An anonymous Internet survey was sent through social media, and club listervs. The survey was a modified version of a Food and Mood survey. Participants were 18 years or older from different U.S. colleges. Bivariate analysis were used to identify a correlation between variables. Our results reflect a strong correlation between diet and lifestyle habits on the mental health of college students. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Valentin Kotlyar, sophomore, biochemistry; Sintia Escobar, junior, integrative neuroscience; Olga Ostrovetsky, senior, biology; Nickolas Muller, junior, biology 
Advisor: Kathleen Horwath, associate professor, biology
Antifreeze Proteins as Cryoprotectants: Measuring Recrystallization Events Through Imaging Techniques
Abstract:
Antifreeze proteins prevent cellular degeneration from freezing and can be exploited to prevent degeneration of organs. Protein analysis begins with splat cooling, which is how the ice wafers were collected. The ice wafers were deposited into a stereomicroscope and viewed through the same type of polarized lenses found in sunglasses while kept at -11°C. A Nikon D40 digital single lens reflex (SLR) camera was used to obtain adequate pictures of the ice wafer. These images were scrutinized using GIMP 2 and Mathematica. The advantages of using such methods for recrystallization imagery analysis are demonstrated in the results.

 

Angella Kim, Brianne Arthur and Timothy Deitz, graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
Campus Climate in Pictures
Abstract: We will be presenting a collage of candid imagery to illustrate the ways in which the student body culture influences and can be influenced by the environment of a campus. The campus experience of college students can be varied depending upon the type of housing accommodations, location of frequented buildings and services, and the lifestyle of the student’s identity. In order to provide a more focused perspective of the environment, we have worked our audit through the prospective lens of the Student Athlete population.

 

YongHoon Kwon, senior, psychology 
Advisor: Kenneth Kurtz, associate professor, psychology
Mathematical Formalization of the Divergent Autoencoder (DIVA) 
Abstract:
The divergent autoencoder (DIVA) is a computational model of human category learning (Kurtz, 2007) which utilizes an artificial neural network architecture. The aim of the present work is to mathematically formalize Divergent Autoencoder (DIVA) to more precisely understand and analyze it to further our understanding on human category learning and knowledge representation with their computation and interpretation through machine learning. DIVA was simplified into a theory that explains its conception by construction and elaboration of appropriate formalism with the extension including the role of bias, parameter choices and representation order to convey the essential of category learning mechanism.

Justin Lautande, junior, psychology; Meredith Rogers, sophomore, integrative neuroscience; Matthew Altman, junior, English and PPL; Annie Schatz, junior, psychology; and Brian O'Shea, senior, biology
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
Effects of Drinking and Exercise Habits on One’s Perceived Mental Health and Dietary Patterns
Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of exercise and alcohol use on perceived mental health and dietary patterns. An anonymous survey was sent through Social Media. The survey was a modified version of an Alcohol/Diet/Mood Questionnaire. Participants ranged from 18-23 years old. Responders were from various universities in the US. Bivariate analysis was used to identify correlation between variables. Our results reflect a correlation between exercise and positive mental health, and a negative correlation between binge drinking and mental health. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Andrea Liss, freshman, integrative neuroscience 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between Creative Teaching Self-Efficacy and Student Creative Potential
Abstract:
The modern education system places a high emphasis on creative thinking. Within this system, teachers are encouraged to promote creativity in their classrooms (Rubenstein, McCoach, & Siegle, 2013). As such, this study compared scales for creative teaching self-efficacy and teacher perceptions of student creative potential to see if a positive correlation was present.

 

Yanbing Mao, graduate student, electrical and computer engineering
Advisors: Emrah Akyol and Ziang Zhang, assistant professors of electrical and computer engineering
Strategic Topology Switching for Security 

Abstract:
Our group proposes strategic topology switching for multi-agent systems under the class of “zero-dynamics” attack. We first study the detectability of aforementioned attacks for under switching topology. Based on this analysis, we then propose a strategic topology-switching algorithm that optimally changes topology and prevents the entire class of zero-dynamic attacks. The proposed approach outperforms prior work in the sense that i) we do not impose any constraints on the size of the attacker (misbehaving agents) set, ii) one monitoring output is sufficient.

 

Anna Marszalek and Ngawang Dolma, seniors in biology
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
Alcohol and ADHD Drug Abuse Associated with Lower GPA and Higher Anxiety: A Study from U.S. Colleges
Abstract: Stimulant use on college campuses is exponentially increasing. This study analyzes stimulant use among college students across the U.S. to identify patterns among sub-groups of students, the type of stimulants used in relation to GPA, and stress response. An anonymous survey was administered via social media. A total of 557 students from over 10 US colleges responded. Pearson Correlation and PCA were used for data analysis. Abuse of alcohol and ADHD medications positively associated with lower GPAs and increased anxiety. Various substance abuse shows a negative statistical correlation with students’ GPA potentially due to alteration of brain function.

 

Margaret McCarthy, senior, integrative neuroscience; Maria Scorzelli, sophomore, nursing; Luciana Skinner, senior, integrative neuroscience; Gabi Zweig, junior, integrative neuroscience 
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
Demographic Differences Across Fad Dieting and its Effect on Mood
Abstract: Diet pattern differences in males and females across different age groups affect dieting behavior. The purpose of our research is to investigate the effect of fad dieting behavior on mood. An anonymous internet survey was sent through Binghamton listservs, emails, group chats, and social media platforms such as Facebook. The survey was a modified version a validated Fad Diet Survey. Participants were above 18 years. Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlation between variables. Dieting behaviors have a negative effect on mental health for both genders regardless of age. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Benjamin McLauchlin, senior, environmental studies and graphic design 
Advisors: Jessica Hua, assistant professor, biological sciences, and Francis Chang, lecturer, art and design
Impact of the Arts on Public Perception of Plastic Pollution Research
Abstract:
Communicating science universally and effectively is important for researchers. We created an interactive art exhibit aimed at communicating data from scientific sources on plastic pollution to test how art impacts public perception of research. Volunteers completed surveys describing their perception before and after visiting the exhibit. Forty percent of volunteers with scientific backgrounds showed improved perception compared to 30% with non-scientific backgrounds. Fifty-three out of all 83 volunteers had improved perception. Of those 53, those with non-scientific backgrounds showed the largest increase in perception. This suggests that artwork can improve public perception of research, especially for people with non-scientific backgrounds.

 

Nicole Megali, integrative neuroscience; Uttsow Rahman, computer science; Shelby Mandel, integrative neuroscience; Shane Dennehy, integrative neuroscience, all juniors; Chris Coticchio, senior, biology
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
The Truth Behind Fad Dieting
Abstract: This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE). Fad dieting and weight loss programs have direct effects on body fat. However, their effects on mood, determination, and activity level are still unknown. An anonymous internet survey was sent through social media outlets, and personal communications. The survey was a modified version of “Fad Diet and Exercise.” Participants ranged were 18 years or older. Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlation between variables. Those who have participated in a fad diet report feelings of irritability, lack of determination, and altered activity levels during duration of the diet.

 

Emily Mendelson, sophomore, business administration
Advisors: Sean Massey, associate professor, women, gender and sexuality studies; Ann Merriwether, instructor, psychology and human development; Sarah Young, assistant professor, social work
To See or not to See: Wearing Glasses During Hookups 
Abstract:
Sexual ableism stigmatizes disabled bodies. Specific implications for college hookups remain unexplored due in part to the numerical minority of disabled students in higher education. Because glasses are an extremely common accessibility device, they can provide an analog that can provide a glimpse into the antagonism between cultural acceptance of impairments and underlying structures of ableism during sexual experiences. This project will report on data from a survey of college students’ decisions to wear or remove glasses both when they go out to hookup and during that experience, and their motivations to do so.

 

Mauricio Montes, psychology and human development, and Candice O'Connor, psychology, both sophomores
Advisors: Sarah Young, assistant professor, social work; Ann Merriwether, instructor, psychology and human development; Sean Massey, associate professor, women, gender and sexuality studies
Insights on Coming Out: What Would your Family Think and How Could that Impact your Sex Life?

Abstract:
The coming out experience is a significant component of identity formation for sexual and gender minorities. Members of minority groups are more likely to be exposed to stressors including prejudice, discrimination, and difficulties with coping than members of non-minority groups. This study examines the relationship between perceived experiences of disclosure of sexual and/or gender minority status ("coming out") and perceived levels of support from extended family members. The level of anticipated support of coming out is analyzed through the perceptions of exclusively heterosexual and non-exclusively heterosexual participants to assess the relationship between family acceptance and sexual satisfaction.

Timothy Morris, senior, environmental studies
Advisor: Kirsten Prior, assistant professor, biological sciences 
Pervasive ants shape ant and arthropod community structure 
Abstract:
Arthropods play important roles in forest ecosystems, acting as herbivores, predators, seed dispersers and detritivores. Understanding factors influencing the dynamics and structure of arthropod communities is therefore essential in assessing forest ecosystem health. Ants play critical roles in forest ecosystems, often making up substantial proportions of animal biomass. One conspicuous ant species in Northeastern forests is the Allegheny Mound Ant (Formica exsectoides); this species forms extremely large polygynous (multiple queens) and polydomous (multiple nests) colonies along forest edges. Surveys were conducted to examine the influence of this species on ant and arthropod communities in the Binghamton Nature Preserve.

 

Eden Nebel, freshman, philosophy, politics and law 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between the Value of Fun and Respect in Educational Settings
Abstract:
The classroom dynamic is essential to being an effective teacher. Studies have shown that teachers who possess certain traits that students value tend to be more effective in the classroom setting; one of these traits is a strong sense of humor. Therefore, by having fun in the classroom, a teacher will be highly respected by their students, leading to a positive classroom dynamic. This study examines the relationship between the teacher’s value of fun and the student’s respect for that teacher by using data collected in a secondary school.

 

Melissa Noboa, senior, environmental science and public policy
Advisor: Kirsten Prior, assistant professor, biological sciences
The foraging ecology of two species of functionally important ants revealed by stable isotope analysis
Abstract:
Ants are often referred to “the little things that run the world,” because of their high biomass and key roles in ecosystems. Colony survival, growth, and behavior is determined by diet and how ants balance their nutrients. A key piece to the puzzle for understanding ants’ roles in ecosystems is to identify their nutritional and trophic status. This study aims to uncover the nutritional ecology of Crematogaster mimosae, a species found in the savannas of East Africa and Formica exsectoides, the Allegheny mound ant found in Eastern North America including Binghamton University Nature Preserve and how their roles and interactions within the ecosystems are tied to their nutritional ecology.

 

Jaden Nogee, freshman, accounting 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
Catalyst Identity and Perceived Creativity Among Teachers
Abstract:
This research examines the relationship between catalyst identity and how others perceive the level of creativity that an individual possesses. Linear regression results suggest that, while statistically significant, one’s identity does not directly explain the perception of the individual’s creativity amongst coworkers. Further research is required in order to better understand the relationship between the two variables.

 

Jillian Nostro, junior, biology and Spanish 
Advisor: Laura Musselman, assistant professor, biology
High-sugar feeding reduces gut integrity in adult Drosophila
Abstract:
Intestinal permeability has been correlated with aging and diseases like type 2 diabetes, Crohn's, and Celiac. Their prevalence has increased with industrial food processing and additive consumption. Additives, including sugar, metal oxide nanoparticles, surfactants, and salt have been suggested to increase intestinal permeability. By utilizing a Drosophila in vivo model, we examined these factors’ effects on intestinal permeability. We also tested the activity of a gut mucosal defense factor, intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP), which affects intestinal permeability. This study extends previous work in humans showing that diet can play a role in the health of the gut barrier.

 

Khin Oo, junior, biological anthropology 
Advisor: Ralph Garruto, professor, anthropology
10 Years Later: Analyzing the Effect of Western Diet on the Growth Rate of Ni-Vanuatu Children Since 2007 in Aneityum, Vanuatu 
Abstract: This study examines the effects of introducing a westernized diet on the growth rate of children, as assessed through anthropometrics and diet, on Aneityum Island in the Republic of Vanuatu in the South Pacific over the past 10 years. Our sample consists of 310, 253, and 168 children and adolescents from 2007, 2011, and 2017, respectively. Preliminary analysis shows significant differences in BIA in cohorts of females 8-9yo, 10-11yo, 12-13yo, and males 14-15yo and 16-17yo. Analysis of BMI reveals significant differences in females 12-13yo and males 16-17yo. An assessment of nutrition through Women’s Dietary Diversity Scores is ongoing.

 

Kristina Opalecky, Colin Pritchard and Anuli Khairatkar, sophomores, biology 
Advisor: Michel Shamoon-Pour, visiting assistant professor, anthropology
Prevalence of B. burgdoferi in the Upper Susquehanna River Basin
Abstract: Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease, is transmitted by Ixodes scapularis and carried by the primary reservoir Peromyscus leucopus. Samples of I. scapularis and P. leucopus were collected from counties within the Upper Susquehanna River Basin and were tested for the presence of B. burgdorferi. The overall prevalence of B. burgdorferi in I. scapularis and P. leucopus across the Upper Susquehanna River Basin was determined to be 37% and 47% respectively. Understanding the competency of B. burgdorferi in these populations can help raise public awareness on the condition of Lyme disease within the region.

 

Jeff Owusu and Brian Campbell, both graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
Legacy Through Campus Commemoration 
Abstract:
In looking at the theme of commemorating donors, endowments, and prestigious faculty and administrators, there is a reason why particular places, buildings and memorials are named after these individuals. In this project, we hope to shed light on those reasons and discover the means (monetary amounts, campus accomplishments, etc.) by which the benefactor’s contribution left an impact and what means to the campus in the present day. Our focus will be on academic buildings.

 

Magdalena Palac, senior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: David Werner, associate professor, psychology
The Role of GABAA-R δ in the Reversal of Isoflurane-Induced Behavioral Adaptations 
Abstract:
This study focused on the effects of an adeno-associated virus designed to decrease the expression of the GABAA-R δ subunit following adolescent isoflurane exposure in rats. We hypothesized that the decreased GABAA-R δ expression would reverse the cognitive deficits caused by adolescent isoflurane exposure. Subjects were injected with the viral vector during stereotaxic surgery into the prefrontal cortex or the hippocampus, and subsequently assessed on impulsivity or cognition tasks, respectively. Knock down of the δ-subunit reversed increased impulsive, but not cognitive impairment, following anesthetic exposure.

 

Wyatt Parker and Catherine Ruis, juniors, environmental studies
Advisor: Kirsten Prior, assistant professor, biological sciences
Altered abiotic and biotic interactions contribute to the invasion success of a range-expanding species
Abstract:
Human-mediated global change is having a significant impact on the natural environment. For example, temperature shifts may result in some species expanding their ranges and experiencing increased performance, often becoming invasive or disruptive to the ecosystem. We are studying an oak-gall wasp in the Pacific Northwest that expanded its range to understand what factors contribute to its invasion success. Temperatures were warmer in the species’ expanded range, where gall development was also accelerated. This could contribute to invasion success by causing phenological mismatches with parasitoid enemies. We also found higher rates of failed gall development in the native range, suggesting that decreased host plant resistance could contribute to this species success. Taken together, multiple altered abiotic and biotic factors likely contribute to the invasion success of range-expanding species.

 

Tori Pena, senior, psychology and biological anthropology; Alaina Berruti and Audrey Li, juniors majoring in neuroscience
Advisors: Ralph Miller, distinguished professor of psychology; Cody Polack, doctoral student, psychology; and Jeremie Jozefowiez and Yoan Villemin, professors of psychology at University of Lille
Counterconditioning as a Crucible for Studying Associative Interference
Abstract:
Counterconditioning (i.e., cue-outcome1 followed by cue-outcome2) is the most traditional instance of associative interference and hence a good preparation to seek general rules of interference. Extinction is rather similar, although it replaces outcome2 with the absence of any explicit event. Counterconditioning is typically more effective than extinction. However, we failed to find this relationship either with neutral outcomes or outcomes of opposing valence.

Melissa Popeil, junior, physics
Advisor: Louis Piper, associate professor, physics
Engineering the Valence Band of β- Phase MxV2O5 Nanorods for Applications in Water Splitting
Abstract:
Vanadium Bronzes (MxV2O5 ) have tunable properties by changing the cation (M) and stoichiometry (x). Previously, we reported the raising of the valence band maximum (VBM) of β-PbxV2O5 due to the lone pair states induced by the Pb2+. As a result, charge transfer was achieved in β-PbxV2O5 /CdSe photocathode. In this study, we employ hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) to investigate the effects of replacing Pb2+ with Sn2+, another lone pair active ion and compare results to calculations. The valence band offset of β-SnxV2O5 /CdSe is determined. β-SnxV2O5 /CdSe is expected to perform better as a photocathode.

 

Jazmine Powell, Kassandra Cardona and Zachary Desjardins, graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
Investigating the Symbols and Artifacts of Binghamton University
Abstract:
We conducted an investigation of various artifacts on Binghamton University’s campus and analyzed their associated meanings and messages.

 

Christopher Quaglia, junior, biology
Advisor: Laura Musselman, assistant professor, biological sciences
Dietary Effects of Metabolic Disease in Drosophila
Abstract: Obesity and related diseases can result from the over consumption of diets high in carbohydrates. We use Drosophila to study obesity-associated metabolic disorders such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Others and we have shown diabetes-like biochemical and physiological phenotypes in flies fed high-sugar diets. Interestingly, some flies thrive on high-sugar diets, whereas other genotypes cannot tolerate them. Our goal is to understand the metabolic pathways controlling the ability to maintain metabolic health in the face of overconsumption. Using a combination of approaches to test exercise capacity, lipid content, and heart and excretory function, we will analyze the effects of diet and genotype on Drosophila. The long-term goal of this research is to determine how the diet contributes to metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes.

Michael Raver, junior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Gretchen Mahler, associate professor, biomedical engineering
A Novel Microfluidic Model of the Glomerulus and Proximal Tubule
Abstract:
The kidneys are responsible for blood filtration, osmoregulation and reuptake, and receive ~25% of cardiac output. Preclinical studies using static human cell cultures lack the physiological stimuli and tissue architecture found in vivo. Organ on a chip systems are a technology that may help bridge the gap between in vitro cell based studies and in vivo animal models. The in vitro glomerulus model is able to biologically filter bovine serum albumin at physiological flow rates. Renal disease states have been recreated with the system. The research goal is to create a simplified, physiologically realistic model of the proximal tubule and glomerulus.

 

Adelle Ricci, sophomore, biology; and juniors Andrew Patentreger, integrative neuroscience, Margarita Ashkinazi, psychology, Carlos Garcia, economics, Paige Lee, math
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
Effects of the Vegan and Vegetarian Diets on Physical and Mental Wellness
Abstract:
Research has shown that diets restricting animal products without supplementation have been correlated to increased risks of depression and mental distress due to lack of essential nutrients. We utilized a modified version of the Food and Mood Questionnaire, which was sent through Google Forms as an anonymous internet survey. Participants’ ages ranged from 18 to 24. Responders were from universities around the U.S. Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlation between variables. Results reflect a relationship between dietary restrictions and mental and physical health. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Zachary J. Ritter, senior, music
Advisor: Daniel Davis, professor, music
The Old Style in a New Way
Abstract:
This project focused on the study of Irish traditional musics and the vocal techniques associated with them, and the application of this research to the composition of a piece for chamber orchestra and vocalist. It led to auditing a class taught by Iarla Ó Lionáird, critically acclaimed Irish vocalist, at Princeton University in the following fall semester, as well as continued research and creative collaborations inspired by Irish music.

 

Tyler J. Rust, graduate student in geology
Advisors: Joseph Graney, professor, and Jeffrey Pietras, assistant professor, both in geological sciences and environmental studies
Characterizing Utica Shale Depositional Processes Using Portable XRF Analysis and Positive Matrix Factorization
Abstract: Environmental Protection Agency: Positive Matrix Factorization (EPA PMF) is a multivariate receptor model typically used for quantifying the contribution of particulate matter aerosol sources to samples based on the composition or “fingerprints” of the sample. This study developed a workflow to utilize EPA PMF for a geologic application using pXRF data. The PMF workflow was applied to data obtained from pXRF analysis of several drill cores from New York State containing carbonates and mudstones. This workflow allows researchers to analyze quantitatively elemental proxy data based on statistical analysis and has the potential to identify stratigraphic variability hidden to traditional techniques.

 

Anne Schatz, junior, psychology; Cohley Acenowr, junior, psychology and English 
Advisor: Meredith Coles, professor of psychology
Morningness, Intermediate and Eveningness Chronotypes and their Correlation with Mood, Sleep Quality, Enthusiasm and Worry
Abstract:
Researchers in the field of psychology have been steadily fascinated with the concept of circadian chronotypes. We found a lack of attention in research to people who exhibit an ‘intermediate,’ rather than an evening or morning, chronotype. Our current study samples the student population of Binghamton University, comparing chronotype to positive and negative affect, worry, sleep quality and enthusiasm. Aspects of the PANAS, MEQ and PSWQ questionnaires were used for our measures. A one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD were used to analyze the data. Significant differences between chronotypes were found for all dependent variables, excluding positive affect.

 

Jordan Sergio, sophomore, psychology; Michael Coyle, junior, integrative neuroscience and biochemistry; Brent Topping, senior, psychology 
Advisor: Christopher Bishop, professor, psychology
Lesioning Cholinergic Neurons of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus Decreases Drug-Induced Dyskinesia in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease
Abstract:
Chronic use of L-DOPA for treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD) causes abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) called L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Recent evidence indicates that cholinergic pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) neurons contribute to Parkinsonian motor deficits and may contribute to LID. The current study tested the effects of PPN cholinergic lesions and dopamine treatments in parkinsonian rats. To do so, direct dopamine receptor agonists or L-DOPA were administered after which AIMs were rated for dyskinesia and forepaw adjusting steps were assayed for motor performance. We found cholinergic PPN lesions decreased drug-induced dyskinesia while L-DOPA efficacy was sustained suggesting PPN involvement in LID. 

 

Emily J. Spina, senior, philosophy, politics and law
Advisor: Jean Quataert, SUNY distinguished professor, history
The ICTR, the ICTY, and Sexual Violence in International Law
Abstract:
This research examines the application of law in cases involving sexual violence at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and their effect on the development of a cohesive set of statutes in international law concerning crimes of sexual violence. In examining the cases adjudicated by these courts and how such decisions have been used by the International Criminal Court, it becomes clear that the ICTY and the ICTR may have fallen short in offering solid foundations for the effective prosecution of sexual violence under international law.

 

Elisabeth Standard and Amanda Roome, graduate students in biological anthropology
Advisor: Ralph Garruto, professor, anthropology
Identifying Risk Factors for Hypertension in the Modernizing Island Nation of Vanuatu
Abstract:
Studies on modernization catalyzed health transitions in Vanuatu have not extensively addressed high hypertension rates. Our aim is to identify behavioral risk factors associated with a rising prevalence of hypertension. From June to August 2017, survey data including demographic information, a 21-item psychosocial stress scale, dietary recalls, blood pressure and body composition data were collected from adults in two villages with differing levels of modernization in Vanuatu. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm/Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm/Hg. Preliminary analyses show a combined hypertension prevalence of 29.1% adults in the two communities.

 

Danielle Starvaggi, Callon Williams and Ashley Bates, graduate students in student affairs administration
Advisor: Natesha Smith, assistant professor of student affairs administration
Examination of Campus Environmental Artifacts 
Abstract:
Campus environments have different components and artifacts related to individual aggregates (i.e. human, physical, organizational and constructed). A collection of photos examining multiple aspects of the campus and community was collected to demonstrate the intricacies and intersectionalities of these aggregates. This study will look to enhance the understanding of Binghamton University's campus and its environment.

 

Kayden Stockwell, senior, psychology and human development; Mary Grega, senior, psychology; and Kaylie Wiseman, graduate student, clinical psychology
Advisors: Jennifer Gillis Mattson, associate professor of psychology; and Raymond Romanczyk, distinguished service professor of psychology
The Relationship Between Cognitive Flexibility and ASD and OCD Traits
Abstract:
Deficits in cognitive flexibility (CF), defined as difficulty adapting thoughts or behaviors in response to environmental changes, are observed across DSM-5 disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The present study examined which ASD and OCD traits were most highly associated with CF deficits as measured by self-report and cognitive tasks in a college student sample. The results will yield an increased understanding of the overlapping nature of these traits with respect to CF deficits. This information may help inform differential diagnosis and conceptualization of rigidity in both ASD and OCD.

 

Kaylee Stone, freshman, psychology; Sanzidul Haque, sophomore, financial economics; Andrew Bremer, junior, integrative neuroscience; Hehuanyu Li, junior, integrative neuroscience; Meagan McNamara, junior, nursing
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
The Relationship of Nutritional Knowledge and Habits of BU Students
Abstract:
Different student groups may have differential nutritional knowledge. Consequently, different health habits. This study was conducted to determine a possible relationship between nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and a student’s role on campus. An anonymous internet survey was sent via email and social media. The survey is a modified version of the Dietary Habits and Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire. Survey participants age range from 18-29 years old. We expect to find a positive correlation between nutrition knowledge and healthy habits. Nutritional knowledge is important for healthy habits in college students. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Danielle Tavares, biology, Laura Tartan, psychology, and Justin Scacchi, biology, all juniors; and sophomores Youssera Belhachmi, pyschology and Benjamin Winston, computer science
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies
The Effects of Stress on Eating Habits
Abstract:
This research explores the correlation between eating behaviors and stress levels. When people are stressed, they typically change their eating habits. Research lacks evidence explaining the differences in appetites. An anonymous Internet survey was sent via social media. The survey was compiled from a survey on stress eating and gender. Participants were college-aged students (18-22). Bivariate analyses were used to identify the correlation between variables. Stress has a significant effect on appetite, which harms individuals’ physical and mental health. Thus, healthier foods should be considered. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

April Tsang and Dulari Patel, seniors, biomedical engineering; Brandon Ashley, graduate student, biomedical engineering
Advisor: Ahyeon Koh, assistant professor, biomedical engineering
Mechanical Analysis of Flexible and Stretchable Lactate Biosensors for Chronic Wounds
Abstract:
Current biosensors exhibit lack of mechanical compatibility with skin. This study focuses on exploiting a flexible and stretchable biosensor design. A triangular lattice geometric network was designed and mimics skin characteristics with circular base electrodes for chemical analysis. Thin polyimide films were cut into 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 cm triangular unit length designs, and the mechanical properties were validated using tensometry. The 1.25 cm unit length model presents the highest average ultimate tensile strength (i.e., 77 kPa), with moderate elastic modulus and strain which compares with skin. Indeed, the studied design represents critical strategies for developing mechanically appropriate biosensors.

 

Alex D. Velez, graduate student, anthropology; and Mercedes Conde-Valverde, graduate student in life science at Universidad de Alcala, Spain
Advisors: Rolf Quam, associate professor of anthropology; Ignacio Martinez, professor of life sciences and Manuel Rosa, professor of signal theory and communications, both at Universidad de Alcala, Spain; Carlos Lorenzo, professor of prehistory, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain; Juan Luis Arsuaga, professor of paleontology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
A Comparative Study on Neandertal Hearing Relying on 3D Virtual Reconstruction
Abstract:
We estimated the hearing abilities in two Neandertal individuals (Homo neanderthalensis) from 3D virtual reconstructions based on microCT scans. A series of anatomical measurements were taken on the ear structures and the data input into a software program developed in Matlab to estimate the flow of sound power through the outer and middle ear. The anatomical structures of the ear in Neandertals, as well as their estimated hearing abilities, are broadly similar to modern humans (Homo sapiens). The results have implications for sensory ecology and communication in this fossil species, suggesting their communication pattern was similar to our own.

 

Neli Vorobyov, sophomore, psychology; Tara Rini, junior, psychology and linguistics; Alex Carros, graduate student, cognitive and brain sciences 
Advisor: Cynthia Connine, professor of psychology
Perceptual Learning in Speech
Abstract:
Perceptual learning in speech is the phenomenon where sound categories are adjusted with experience. We investigated the use of lexical frequency as an information source for perceptual learning. In the first experiment, lexical frequency was used in perceptual learning but the perceptual learning effect was reduced under easy task conditions. A follow up experiment investigated the role of multiple speakers for directing attention when adjusting speech categories. The findings are discussed in terms of the flexible nature of perceptual learning.

 

Veronica Din Wang, senior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Nicole Cameron, assistant professor, psychology and biology
Prolactin Modulates the Effect of Maternal Care on Ethanol Intake
Abstract:
Previous research has shown that female Long Evans rats that received low maternal care levels as pups consume more alcohol than females that received high levels. My research investigates mechanisms involved in the effects of maternal care on alcohol consumption in females, particularly the role of prolactin and dopamine receptor D2L. Chronic exposure to alcohol seems to increase expression of both. A two-bottle choice test and one-bottle test were conducted to evaluate alcohol consumption. Blood was collected prior to and after an injection of estradiol to modulate prolactin levels. Finally, brains were collected to analyze D2L receptor protein levels.

 

Rachael Warner, senior, geography
Advisor: Brendan Lavy, visiting assistant professor, geography
Geographic Patterns of Urban Forestry in Austin, Texas
Abstract:
Austin, Texas, contains a robust, nationally recognized urban forest. Yet, ongoing rapid urban development is responsible for a significant amount of tree loss. The purpose of this research is to document the relationship between tree loss and canopy cover change in Austin from 2010 to 2014 in an effort to understand how permitted tree removal affects Austin’s urban forest. Using secondary data obtained from the City of Austin, we analyzed occurrences of permitted tree removal and their effect on canopy cover using a geographic information system. The results of this study have the potential to inform future environmental planning efforts.

 

Matthew Wersebe, senior, ecology, evolution and behavior
Advisor: Jessica Hua, assistant professor, biological sciences 
Direct and indirect effects of a common cyanobacterial toxin on amphibian-trematode dynamics
Abstract:
Diseases in populations of humans and wildlife are emerging at unprecedented rates, theoretical and empirical research suggests that human-mediated environmental perturbation may be a significant contributing factor. Human caused global change are increasing Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms, as a result there has recently been significant interest in the impacts of these events on species interactions, particularly disease dynamics. Towards this goal, we investigated the effects of exposure to the common cyanobacterial toxin Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) on an amphibian-trematode disease system. We found that MC-LR significantly reduced the survival of the trematode parasite; however, it did not impact parasite infectivity. We also found that tadpole host show a non-linear response to parasite susceptibility as a result of exposure. These findings have direct impacts for amphibian and parasite conservation.

 

Wei Elaine Wu, junior, geography 
Advisor: Caroline Millen, director of strategic initiatives and leadership development, Department of Teaching, Learning and Educational Leadership
How do agencies affect U.S. college students?
Abstract: The number of Chinese students in the United States reached 442,773 last year, despite Chinese parents having no knowledge of the college application process. Some families rely on ‘agencies’ to help. Sometimes they do help, but usually, agencies challenge the application system. They use ‘ghostwriters’ for the personal statement and there is no refund for students who do not receive an offer. Worse, students with invalid scores are expelled. In this research, I hope to test my hypothesis: Students who do not apply via agencies tend to be more independent, confident and have the skillset to apply on their own.

 

Hillary Yao, sophomore, English 
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH Coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
Un(comfort)able Women: The One-sided Nature of "Comfort" 
Abstract:
I hope to use the “comfort women” controversy as a case study of gender and race discrimination caused by capitalism and the segregation of “nature” and “society”. I also hope to claim justice for the “comfort women” by spreading awareness of their plight and proving that the attempts to “apologize” made by the Japanese government are insufficient by analyzing the creation and process of the “comfort women” system as well as actions taken by both the Japanese and Korean governments in effort of reconciliation. 

 

 

STUDENT PRESENTATIONS AND POSTERS
2:00-3:30 p.m. Friday, April 20, UU-Mandela Room

Austin Ablicki, biochemistry and French, Ashley Garcia, biology, Jemy Paulson, integrative neuroscience, and Jorge Zuniga, integrative neuroscience, all sophomores
Advisor: Susan Flynn, clinical assistant professor, Freshman Research Immersion and chemistry
Detecting Carbonylation In The Presence Of Chemotherapeutics 
Abstract:
Chemotherapeutics manipulate the Bcl-2 apoptotic pathway to induce mitotic arrest. Oxidative stress is associated with chemotherapy. The role of carbonylation in the Bcl-2 pathway has not been determined, and could provide insight about the pathway and for medicinal treatment. A viability assay was employed to determine IC50 values of microtubule stabilizers, destabilizers, and histone targeting drugs in Bcl-2 knockout A549 cells. Carbonylation was detected using a fluorophore that reacts with carbonyl groups. While preliminary results revealed an IC50 value, the project is still in development. Determining the role of carbonylation in the Bcl-2 apoptotic pathway could lead to improved treatment.

 

Iphigenia Arvanitis, graduate student, biology
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
Selection for Starvation Resistance Impairs Copulation and Provides a Context-Dependent Courtship Advantage
Abstract:
Courtship and starvation resistance are under stringent evolutionary pressure. We generated starvation resistant flies and respective feed controls. Starvation resistant flies display a number of adaptive traits, but also show reduced fecundity, suggesting a trade-off between starvation resistance and reproduction. To characterize the courtship of starvation-selected flies in comparison to control flies, we developed a method to classify courtship into multiple different behaviors using the tracking software FlyTracker in tandem with the annotation software JAABA, which can be trained to analyze and record behaviors. We plan to identify genes involved in these changes.

 

Jason Barrett, graduate student, computer science 
Advisor: Weiying Dai, assistant professor, computer science 
Resting-state Brain Networks Using Spectral Clustering Analysis 
Abstract:
Seed-based correlation method and independent component analysis (ICA)-based method have been used to extract the resting-state brain networks from fMRI data. Both methods require either prior knowledge of brain anatomy or selection of unordered spatial sources. Here, we investigate a data-driven spectral clustering algorithm to study brain networks for resting-state arterial spin labeling (ASL) and blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) fMRI data. The spectral clustering algorithm successfully separates the brain resting-state networks and rank the non-neural noises at last. It is of great benefit to use ASL to study brain resting-state networks because of the largely reduced non-neural noise sources.

Hamid Bashir, junior, biological sciences
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between Job Autonomy and Radical Creativity in Education Professionals
Abstract:
Both autonomy and radical creativity are highly valued in an educational environment. Research has been conducted to understand the relationship between creativity and its resources, like autonomy and employee radical creativity (Madjar et al., 2011). This research project attempts to replicate Madjar et al.’s work in a sample of education professionals to demonstrate that there will be a positive relationship between job autonomy and radical creativity. The results, however, do not completely support Madjar et al.’s 2011 work, indicating a non-significant, but marginally positive correlation.

 

Gissella Bejarano, graduate student, computer science
Advisor: Arti Ramesh, assistant professor, computer science
Deep Generative Models for Energy Consumption
Abstract:
Energy disaggregation is an important problem that has garnered significant attention in recent years. Understanding how energy consumption is disaggregating in individual appliances can help in reducing household expenses and lead to efficient usage of energy. In this work, we propose a latent deep learning model, based on VRNNs and Mixture Density Networks, to perform two tasks. First, to generate the disaggregated individual signal of appliances from the aggregated signal. Second, to generate energy consumption signal of different appliances outperforming other deep learning approaches (AutoEncoders and LSTM) and the current best generative approach like Factorial Hidden Markov Models.

 

Ashley Berlot, junior, integrative neuroscience; William Albert, senior, integrative neuroscience; Jessica Pinsker, junior, integrative neuroscience; Austin Dukat, junior, biology 
Advisors: Peter Donovick and Matthew Johnson, professors of psychology
The Microbiome Implication in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Abstract:
Dementia disorders are common in elderly populations. Individuals diagnosed with these disorders are increasing, and the symptoms such as delusions and memory decline can be debilitating. Recently, studies have implicated the microbiome in neurodegenerative diseases. This study conducted a literature review to research the link between the microbiome and various dementia disorders. Overall, this study concluded there is a connection between the microbiome and neurodegenerative disorders. Inflammation within the gut has been observed in patients diagnosed with dementia disorders. This study concludes that neurodegenerative disorders should examine changes within the neurological system and the gastrointestinal tract.

 

Dana Borowski, senior, economics and political science
Advisor: Katja Kleinberg, associate professor, political science
Political Instability and Economic Development
Abstract:
Economic development is essential for the well-being of a country, yet for many countries economic development seems to be an almost unachievable task. The purpose of this research is to determine if political instability in a country affects that country's economic development. Specifically, this research focuses on middle and low-income countries that have had extreme adverse regime changes between 1990 and 2001. Using data from the World Bank, I will use Gross Domestic Products from each country within my specification and other control variables to run statistical regressions to determine if political instability has a negative effect on economic development.

 

Jacqueline Campbell, sophomore, biology
Advisor: Ralph Garruto, professor, anthropology
Distress Due to Displacement in a Lower-Middle Income Country
Abstract:
We need more research on distress due to displacement in LMICs to identify sources of distress and how displacement might be felt differently among different people. In October 2017, the population (n=12,000) of Ambae, an island of Vanuatu, were displaced due to the threat of a volcanic eruption. A voluntary questionnaire was given to residents to assess how displacement had affected them. We conducted preliminary analyses of 99 questionnaires to test whether mean scores differed by sex and pregnancy status using one-way ANOVA, and correlations between sociodemographic variables (number of children, years of education, and age) and distress.

 

Beth Carey, junior, biology, Emily Kuehnle, sophomore, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Safety Level of the LGBTQ Community in Higher Education Amongst Management Students
Abstract:
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer community began to gain respect as a movement during the 1990s. Since then, the LGBTQ community has continued to grow and expand globally. The goal of this study was to investigate the safety level of the LGBTQ community in a mid-sized university. The results illustrated a negative correlation between the safety level felt of the LGBTQ community in a mid-sized university.

 

Diana Carter, senior, nursing, Melissa Boaker, senior, nursing, Rebecca Krabill, sophomore, nursing, Rosenna Chan, junior, nursing, Diane Swierupski, junior, nursing, Sarah Wierzbicki, freshman, chemistry, Nicole Steinberg, junior, nursing 
Advisor: Joyce Rhodes-Keefe, clinical assistant professor, Decker School of Nursing
Keeping TABS: Analysis of Attitudes, Behaviors, and Perceptions Pre- and Post-Initiation of a Campus Tobacco Free Policy
Abstract:
Background: A campus-wide tobacco-free policy was recently implemented in a Northeastern public University. Purpose: Explore the attitudes, behaviors, and perceptions of a Northeastern public university campus before and after implementation of a campus tobacco-free policy. Methods: Surveys distributed on campus over a three-year period prior the policy and three months after. Results: Preliminary data indicates greater support of the policy, greater time since last cigarette, and decreased perceived student smoking post-implementation. Conclusion/Implications: Preliminary data indicates improvement in attitudes towards the policy, decreased tobacco behavior, and perceived decrease in tobacco use on campus post policy. Additional data will be analyzed.

 

Arpita Chakraborty, graduate student, computer science 
Advisor: Arti Ramesh, assistant professor, computer science
Types of Cyberbullying in Sarahah Application
Abstract:
Online interaction contributes to a significant percentage of textual data containing bullying and hatred messages. This detrimental online behavior can have significant traumatic effects on the individual and lead to severe psychological problems. In this work, we develop a weakly supervised topic model for performing extensive quantitative and qualitative analysis of the messages exchanged in an anonymous social media application, Sarahah. The messages exchanged using Sarahah are anonymously sent from friends, which are then shared by recipients along with a brief reaction on social networks such as Twitter/Facebook, making it a unique dataset for cyberbullying. We perform a coarse and fine-grained analysis of these messages and observe that 20% of messages contain some form of bullying such as improper flirting, sexually offensive, and hate messages. Our analysis of recipients' responses reveal expressions of sadness and anger, helping understand this important perspective.

 

Yiming Che, graduate student, systems science and industrial engineering 
Advisor: Changqing Cheng, assistant professor, systems science and industrial engineering 
Multi-Scale Graph Modeling and Analysis of Locomotion Dynamics Towards Sensor-based Dementia Estimation 
Abstract:
We propose a new sensor-based method that estimates the dementia conditions with daily locomotion data. First, we deploy a wireless sensing system to track the locomotion dynamics of subjects in an assisted living facility (ALF), while they were performing daily routine tasks. Second, we develop a new multi-scale graph methodology for modeling and analysis of locomotion dynamics at different spatial scales, where each vertex characterizes a small neighborhood of the indoor physical locations. Finally, we evaluate and validate the proposed methodology with both simulation and real-world case studies.

 

Song Chen, junior, computer science
Advisor: Weiying Dai, assistant professor, computer science 
Effect of Antiepileptic Treatment on Hippocampal Activity in Alzheimer’s Disease measured by ASL
Abstract:
Increased hippocampal perfusion in early AD has been reported, but the underlying mechanism is still not clear. We hypothesized that epileptiform activity occurs in the hippocampus with AD and causes increased perfusion. Here, we designed a placebo-controlled study using an antiepileptic drug, Levetiracetam to modulate epileptic activity of the hippocampus. Nine subjects with AD were scanned following drug or placebo. We observed decreased perfusion and increased perfusion fluctuation in entorhinal cortex with Levetiracetam. These findings support the potential epileptic activity effects of entorhinal cortex in AD. Due to neighboring locations of hippocampus and entorhinal cortex, further work will probe the effects of potential misregistration.

 

Mingzhao Chen, graduate student, computer science 
Advisor: Weiying Dai, assistant professor, computer science 
Abnormal Perfusion and Perfusion fluctuation in Bipolar Disorder measured by ASL
Abstract:
We aim to investigate whether dynamic perfusion image time series instead of static perfusion image can offer extra insight to bipolar disorder (BD). Average perfusion and perfusion fluctuation maps were compared between patients with BD and controls using customized Statistical non- Parametric Mapping (SnPM). Perfusion decrease in the posterior lateral regions of the default mode network and increase of perfusion fluctuations in the parahippocampus and amygdala regions were observed. The abnormal perfusion fluctuations may be supported by perturbed functional connectivity at the same regions. These results indicate that dynamic perfusion image series may serve as potential novel neuroimaging biomarkers for BD.

 

Jae Moon Chung, nursing and psychology, Lillian Ruan and Pui Ling Sit, both nursing, all seniors; Achille Dannon and Dana Chen, juniors, nursing; Jewelle N. Browne, freshman, undeclared; Nicole E. Steinberg, Snawing Alvardado and Ralph Fracchiolla, juniors, nursing
Advisors: Geraldine Britton, assistant professor, Decker School of Nursing; Rosemary Collier, Jeanette Lee, Joyce Rhodes-Keefe and Lori Sprague, all clinical assistant professors, Decker School of Nursing
Development of a Healthy Practices Clinic on a Tobacco-free Campus: A qualitative study
Abstract:
Binghamton University recently implemented a Tobacco-Free campus policy. The Interdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Program (ITURP) aimed to create an intervention to support smoking cessation efforts. ITURP members staff the clinic, obtain clients’ histories, and provide counseling. The clinic fulfills a need for individualized counseling for faculty, staff, and employees. The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation of a student-staffed Healthy Practices Clinic. We found that those on our campus who are attempting to quit smoking felt that they were getting the necessary help through campus resources. Recommendations are to grow the clinic’s practice by engaging in more outreach events.

Winter Clark, senior, philosophy and individualized major program 
Advisor: Christopher Morgan-Knapp, associate professor, philosophy
Intrinsic Value, Intrinsic Motivation, and Education
Abstract:
I argue that the distinction between valuing something intrinsically and valuing something instrumentally (that is, valuing as an end and valuing as a means) is useful because it can further our understanding of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The relationship between value and motivation has strong implications for human well-being, particularly in regards to education. I offer an account of motivation as a threshold of internal drive. I further include Ryan and Deci’s description of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, noting that different kinds of motivation exist along a spectrum according to the levels of self-determination that they entail. 

Adam Cooke, graduate student, biological sciences, and Elise Dunshee, junior, biochemistry
Advisor: Jeffrey Schertzer, assistant professor, biological sciences
Outer Membrane Vesicle Association with Bacterial Biofilms
Abstract:
The NIH estimates that 80% of chronic bacterial infections involve biofilms – bacteria attached to a surface and coated in a protective layer of slime. Both bacteria in biofilms and free-swimming planktonic bacteria produce Outer Membrane Vesicles (OMVs). OMVs deliver cargo such as toxins, plasmid DNA, small RNAs, and communication molecules between bacteria. Our lab is investigating whether OMVs shed by planktonic bacteria can associate with biofilms, and possibly deliver their contents to biofilms. We are also working to produce synthetic OMVs containing antibiotics as a more effective mechanism of delivering drugs to biofilms.

 

David DeFazio, senior, computer science
Advisor: Arti Ramesh, assistant professor, computer science
Predicting Response Time to Non-Emergency Calls in New York City
Abstract:
Resource allocation is important in cities, where millions of people rely on functional services. In this work, we focus on one such problem, understanding how long it takes to resolve non-emergency 311 calls. Incorporating the factors that influence response time, such as historical response times, demand, holidays, and weather is important to model this problem accurately. In this work, we propose a model based on Gaussian conditional random fields (GCRF) that can successfully capture these dependencies. Our work can be extended to other resource allocation settings in urban environments.

 

Breanna Demestichas, junior, biology and mathematics
Advisors: Susan Bane, professor and director of biochemistry, chemistry, and Jennifer Hirschi, research assistant professor, chemistry
A Computational Investigation of Diazaborine Stability
Abstract:
Bioconjugation is a crucial chemical strategy used to covalently link biomolecules to other molecules of interest for use in a variety of biological applications. One application that we are specifically interested in is the synthesis of an antibody-drug conjugate. The production of such an ideal and effective bioconjugate requires the ability to design reactants that have predictable stability in physiological conditions. My research essentially focuses on using computational chemistry to investigate the relative energies of ground states and transition states of our molecules of interest and thus interpret product stability.

 

Kate DeRosa, graduate student, anthropology; Caleb Almeter, biochemistry, Nathaniel Benjamin, physics, Maital Citron, integrative neuroscience, Christopher Fugina, integrative neuroscience, Amelia Guyon, biomedical engineering, Simone Hernandez, political science, Emily Jelen, biological science, Mauricio Montes, human development, Molly Moran, biology, Corinna Ronen, undeclared, Noah Salazar, integrative neuroscience, Paola Velazquez, undeclared, and Sean Velazquez, biological sciences, all sophomores; Mian Li, graduate student, biological sciences; Amanda Roome, graduate student, anthropology
Advisors: J. Koji Lum, professor of anthropology, Ralph Garruto, professor, anthropology; Rita Spathis, research assistant, anthropology
mtDNA Variation Among the South Coast, Highlands, and North Coast of New Guinea 
Abstract:
Near Oceania was initially settled ~40-60 kya, brining haplogroups P and Q to the highlands of New Guinea while haplogroup B expanded through Remote Oceania with the Lapita expansion ~3.5 kya. New Guinea's southern and northern coasts have contact with Australia and Asia and Remote Oceania respectively and primarily consist of haplogroups P, Q, B, N, and S. To assess migratory patterns, mtDNA HVSI sequences were generated from 1,150 individuals across five regions in New Guinea and compared to 219 previously generated HVSI sequences from the northern coast. Preliminary analysis reveals 26 shared mtDNA lineages throughout New Guinea.

 

Wenna Duan, graduate student, computer science 
Advisor: Weiying Dai, assistant professor, computer science 
Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF) is Associated with Longitudinal Change of Disease Stage and Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer’s Disease
Abstract:
Since Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the sixth leading cause of death in U.S, early detection and prediction are in urgent need. Arterial spin labeling (ASL), an MRI method to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF), was applied yearly on elderlies. Voxel-based ANOVA was used to test the CBF difference between healthy, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD groups at the baseline and multiple linear regression was used on longitudinal progression groups. The results showed that AD is associated with impairment of CBF. This study underlines the potential of ASL perfusion imaging in predicting the progression of AD in patients with MCI.

 

Elise Dunshee, junior, biochemistry
Advisor: Jeffrey Schertzer, assistant professor, biological sciences
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Outer Membrane Vesicle Involvement in Biofilm Development and Association with Established Biofilms
Abstract: Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are produced in both the free-swimming and biofilm phenotypes of many bacterial species as a result of bacterial cell outer membrane curvature. A better understanding of the roles of OMVs, from their involvement in biofilm formation to the mechanisms that enable their trafficking/predation functions in mature biofilms, may lead to improved strategies for combating biofilm infections. In this study, we explored the possibility of a role for OMVs in the attachment of P. aeruginosa cells to surfaces. Additionally, we investigated whether OMVs associate with biofilms and if the quantity of OMVs incorporated is species-dependent.

 

Yuan Fang, graduate student, mathematical sciences
Advisor: Sanjeena Dang, assistant professor, mathematical sciences
Bayesian Approach to Parameter Estimation for the mixtures of Multivariate Normal Inverse Gaussian Distributions
Abstract:
In reality, some financial assets data exhibit features such as skewness and heavy tails. The multivariate normal inverse Gaussian (MNIG) distribution could capture these features. Mixtures of MNIG distributions could also be applied to model based clustering of financial data. In this poster, we will discuss the process that estimates the MNIG parameters under a Bayesian framework via a Gibbs scheme. We will discuss a novel approach to simulate matrix generalized inverse Gaussian (MGIG) random matrices. This is the key part to estimate the correlation matrix Δ, whose posterior distribution is MGIG. Our algorithm will be applied to both simulated and real data.

 

Megan Fey, freshman, biochemistry
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction, Being a Creative Catalyst, and Creative Self-Efficacy
Abstract:
Schools and the teaching system are constantly changing and adapting to the demands of a changing world. Teachers must keep up with this using creativity in order to prepare students. This research examines the relationship between job satisfaction and being identified as a catalyst and how high or low creative self-efficacy affects this relationship. Job satisfaction and catalyst identified are positively related; however, creative self-efficacy has no moderating effect.

 

William Frazer, junior, geophysics
Advisor: Molly Patterson, assistant professor, geological sciences 
A Comparison of Various Sea Surface Temperature Proxies in the California Borderlands 
Abstract:
In order to gain greater understanding of our current climate and how its changing, we must understand paleoclimates. A key paleoclimate indicator is past sea surface temperatures (SSTs). Proxies based on biomarkers found in ocean sediments have been developed in order estimate SSTs, but they often return different values with variations of up to 4°C. This study focused in the TEX86, UK'37, and LDI proxies. To test these proxies, core tops from the California Borderland were analyzed and then compared to temperature data collected when the sediments were deposited. This provides greater insight into the effectiveness of these SST proxies. 

Jessica Funnell and Olivia Parker, seniors, biomedical engineering
Advisor: Gretchen Mahler, associate professor, biomedical engineering
Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase is Altered by Bacterial Exposure in an In Vitro Intestinal Epithelium Model
Abstract:
The health of the gastrointestinal microbiome plays a critical role in promoting immune function and regulating metabolism. Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) is a brush border enzyme responsible for the proper breakdown and absorption of nutrients and lipids and detoxification of bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Aminopeptidase is a brush border enzyme responsible for the enzymatic digestion of proteins in the small intestine. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two strains of bacteria, L. rhamnosus and E. coli, on IAP and aminopeptidase activity in an in vitro intestinal epithelium model. Bacterial presence caused an increase in IAP expression.

 

Margaret Girardi, senior, English
Advisor: Liz Rosenberg, professor, English
From the Blue Room: A Collection of Short Stories
Abstract:
This past summer, I created a collection of short stories. I honed my creative writing skills, and have seen this improvement in my current works. My stories are more in depth, and my characters more complex. I self-published my collection on Amazon, titled "From the Blue Room.” The e-book went live in August, and my continuation of this project led to a paperback being published in February. Over 100 copies have been bought and/or downloaded. Getting involved in the publishing field has been my goal for several years, and I am thankful to the fellowship for this amazing opportunity.

 

Joshua Gonzalez, senior, geography; Elvis Huang, junior, urban planning 
Advisor: John Frazier, SUNY distinguished service professor, geography
Economic Impacts of the Revitalization: Short-term Impacts of Koffman Southern Tier Incubator and University Downtown Center in Downtown Binghamton
Abstract:
This research, which is one of four presentations on local economic revitalization, focuses on the short-term impacts of the University Downtown Center and Incubator Research Facility in Downtown Binghamton. Focusing on properties in a defined study area, sale dates, assessed property values, vacancies obtained from tax parcel data, and income levels available from Census data, observations can be made about the extent to which these projects have affected and may affect the local community. The study will demonstrate community changes experienced during and after economic revitalization that may lead to gentrification and its impacts. If similarities can be drawn to the Johnson City Study Area, steps can be taken to help mitigate the potential adverse effects, while embracing the positives of economic redevelopment in that area.

 

Jacob Gordon, sophomore, integrative neuroscience 
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
Different Anesthetization and Mounting Techniques in Drosophila Induce Varying Effects on Recovery, Survival, and Performance in Behavioral Assays
Abstract:
This study explores the differential recovery and survival rates following administration of various anesthetics in Drosophila melanogaster. We also looked to identify any deleterious effects these anesthetics pose to reflexive feeding response using Proboscis Extension Reflex (PER) assay. Finally, we looked to determine whether the chemical contents of nail polish, a common adhesive used to mount flies to microscopy slides, had a significant effect on recovery time and survival due to possible anesthetic properties of its vapor. The purpose of this study was to optimize the process of anesthetization and mounting by elucidating the effects of different commonly used techniques.

 

Cody Hastings, graduate student, biology 
Advisor: Claudia Marques, assistant professor, biological sciences
Evaluation of Host Response to Staphylococcus aureus persister cells
Abstract:
Persister cells, a sub-population of dormant cells, constitute up to 1% of a bacterial population. These cells are tolerant to antimicrobials and might be partially responsible for chronic infections. Therefore, removal of these cells is correlated with chronic infection resolution. However, the interactions of the host with persister cells are still not understood. In this work, THP-1 macrophages were used as a model to study the immune modulation to persister cells of Staphylococcus aureus. Overall, we found that compared to regular cells, macrophages engulf persister cells at a lower rate. This indicates that persister cells might escape immune response.

 

James Headrick, graduate student, electrical and computer engineering  
Advisor: Emrah Akyol, assistant professor, electrical and computer engineering
The Impact of Network Connectivity in Colonel Blotto Games for Cyber-Physical Systems
Abstract:
Cyber-Physical systems are riddled with security vulnerabilities due to their dependence on cyber networks. Our work considers a game theoretic approach for optimal distribution of limited resources, over a set of cyber nodes for two attackers and one defender, using classical Colonel Blotto Game. Classic Colonel Blotto game is a discrete resource allocation game which considers optimal deployment of soldiers over a set of given battlefields. This is analogous to a battle over cyber nodes in a network security problem. Our research considers how varying network connectivity effects the game solution for all players in a non-zero sum game theory problem.

 

Shafeen Hemnani, senior, psychology, and Gillian Lavelle, junior, psychology
Advisor: Jennifer Gillis Mattson, associate professor, psychology
Sleep and Functioning in College Students
Abstract:
Those who experience low sleep quality are prone to more difficulties during the day, such as greater tension and depression. This study attempts to assess several variables as possible predictors of poor sleep quality and hygiene practices. Data were collected from 62 participants on measures of perceived level of stress (PSS), current levels of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21), alcohol use (AUDIT-C), and sleep practices and quality (SHAPS, PSQI). We will use two multiple regression analyses to find the percentage of variance accounted for in sleep quality and hygiene practices by the variables listed above.

 

Mariangely Hernandez, senior, psychology
Advisors: Jennifer Gillis Mattson, associate professor, psychology; Hannah Morton, doctoral candidate, psychology 
Representativeness of College Students as Participants in Experimental Research
Abstract:
College students often participate in experimental research, but findings for students versus other participant groups suggests generalizability concerns (Druckman & Kam, 2009; Sears 1996). This study investigated survey responses of undergraduates (n=300) and community members (n=136). Undergraduates provided distinct and more homogenous responses than community participants (t=-3.31, p<.01). Exploration of predictor variables indicates student responses were impacted by age (b=0.07, t(165)=2.06, p<.05) and residing in urban areas (b=-0.28, t(165)=-2.07, p<.05). Community responses were impacted by residing in a southern US state (b=0.40, t(130)=2.21, p<.05). Results support distinctions between these samples and suggest caution when interpreting findings from undergraduate participants.

 

Yuqing Huang, senior, geography
Advisor: Chengbin Deng, assistant professor, geography
Urbanization Analysis in the Pearl River Delta of China Using Remote Sensing and GIS
Abstract:
Metropolitan areas in Pearl River Delta, China have been expanding at a rapid rate since the economic reform of 1987. This region has lead the nation in economic development and urbanization. Quantifying the pattern of urban growth in this area from 1997 to 2018 is important for monitoring the urban development as well as for assessing the effectiveness of public policies. To reach this goal, Nighttime Light satellite imageries from NOAA are used for mapping urban expansion in this region. Factors that affect the urbanization process, such as internal migration and government regulation, are analyzed.

 

Allison Ishibashi, sophomore, English
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
I Object: An Analysis of Objectification and Third Wave Feminism of Women in Advertisements
Abstract:
I will discuss and analyze the gender portrayal of women in the media and how that leads to self-objectification. Due to the influence of objectification of women, after being put under so much scrutinization under the male gaze, women themselves create their own inner critic that is largely, if not solely influenced by the male ideal. This male gaze and ideal can be traced back to the beginning of capitalism — and Christopher Columbus — where it was established that women were to be something to profit off of.

 

Dana Kennedy, junior, economics
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
How A Company’s Value of Diversity May Correspond with a Students’ Feelings of Preparedness for the Workplace
Abstract:
A company’s value of diversity has become a vital determinant for students who are seeking employment. The representation of diversity by employers and other employees is important in understanding the level of motivation, enthusiasm and success within the company. The results from this survey support the theory that the more companies advertise and promote diversity, the more students feel confident and prepared to work at these companies.

 

Hamed Kianmehr, graduate student, systems science and industrial engineering
Advisors: Nasim Sabounchi, assistant professor, systems science and industrial engineering, Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies 
Assessment of Dietary Pattern Relations to Mental Distress: Estimating System Dynamics Modeling Parameters With a Data Mining Approach
Abstract: Dietary intake is one of the risk factors that can impact on the brain chemistry which lead to mental distress. Our aim is to apply system dynamics (SD) modeling to show the relationships between brain structures, nutrients from food and dietary supplements, and mental health well-being. We perform descriptive analysis based on a time series data to estimate the SD modeling parameters. The results reveal that bridging these different methodologies lead to more insights from the SD model and decrease the error of calibrated parameter values.

 

Minyoung Kim, graduate student, biology, Julianna J. Nerone, junior, biology; Jada S. McMahon and Luciana H. Skinner, seniors, biology 
Advisor: Claudia Marques, assistant professor, biological sciences
Atopic Skin is Favorable for Staphylococcus Aureus Colonization
Abstract:
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease with an unknown cause. The disease manifests in many symptoms, which include an impaired skin barrier, chronic intermittent inflammation, and increased colonization by the common pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Our work aims to elucidate the role of S. aureus in the pathogenesis of AD. The healthy skin contains two factors that were shown to be necessary for inhibition of a viable S. aureus biofilm: a naturally occurring skin lipid sphingosine, and the commensal bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis. AD skin exhibits diminished levels of both, which makes it favorable for S. aureus colonization. 


Sungjin Kim, graduate student, biochemistry
Advisor: Mathew Vetticatt, assistant professor, chemistry
Mechanistic Investigation of the Suzuki-Miyaura Reaction Using 13C Kinetic Isotope Effects
Abstract:
Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of aryl halides and aryl boronic acids (Suzuki-Miyaura reaction) proceeds via three elementary steps – oxidative addition (OA), transmetalation (TM), and reductive elimination (RE) – to form the biaryl product. We were interested in exploring the effect of different halogen groups of aryl halides on the mechanism and overall rate-determining step of the reaction. Our quantitative experimental findings based on the 13C kinetic isotope effects of the aryl halides suggest that the strength of the halogen-carbon bond affects the rate-determining step of the overall reaction.

Brian Kissmer, junior, biology
Advisor: James Sobel, assistant professor, biological sciences
Hyperdiversity of the Astragalus Genus
Abstract:
My research aims to uncover the mechanisms that allow for rapid and diverse niche specialization as it contributes to speciation. A legume found around the world, the Astragalus genus contains over 3,000 individual species, with a large number of those species located in the ecologically diverse western North America, making it an excellent case study for this project. I am currently focusing on the ecological factors that could lead to such a high level of diversity. Once I identify the importance of specific ecological factors, I will begin to assess the underlying basis of genetic differentiation for the Astragalus genus.

 

Michael Kozma, senior, biomedical engineering
Advisor: Chuan-Jian Zhong, professor, chemistry
Development of an Interleukin-6 Biosensor for Cancer
Abstract:
Cancer is an incredibly devastating disease. In order to decrease the fatality rate of cancer patients, new methodologies need to be developed to monitor its progression. That is why my focus is on developing an inexpensive, widely accessible, and wearable biosensor that is capable of doing so. My sensor will monitor the levels of Interleukin-6 in the body that correlate with the aggressiveness of a tumor. This will allow treatment to be administered faster than ever. The methodology behind this involves the construction of a standard immunosensor and its subsequent integration into a wearable platform.

 

Eva Kristoferson, integrative neuroscience, Sophie Ambrosino, psychology, Jordyn Appleget, psychology, Lee Ann Gennussa, integrative neuroscience, and Rachel Marin, psychology, all sophomores
Advisor: Corinne Kiessling, research assistant professor, psychology 
Neurochemical Analysis of Male and Female Parkinsonian Rats Undergoing L-DOPA Treatment
Abstract:
Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is caused by dopaminergic loss and treated with the dopamine precursor L-DOPA. To address the debate of PD sex differences, male and female rats rendered hemiparkinsonian via 6-OHDA lesion were administered L-DOPA or vehicle. After characterizing monoamine concentrations in several brain areas results showed: 6-OHDA decreased and L-DOPA increased NE and DA. In the motor and prefrontal cortices, L-DOPA depleted serotonin. Females had more norepinephrine than males in the motor cortex. These results strengthen the validity of the 6-OHDA lesion, show how L-DOPA may adversely affect serotonin, and implicate neurochemical origins in mood disorders in PD patients.

 

Scott Landman, junior, integrative neuroscience and Judaic studies 
Advisor: Elizabeth Tucker, distinguished service professor, English
Qualitative Analysis of Alcohol’s Acute Effect on Vocal Range
AbstractAlcoholic beverages are the most popular human-produced drinks in history. In terms of its effects on individuals, alcohol is deemed to be a poison to the body. Scientific study of this subject is necessary, as well as close consideration of the effects of alcohol on singer’s lives and careers. In terms of acute alcohol ingestion, research does not exist to the same level of detail or quality as chronic. The effect of alcohol on vocal range, both chronic and acute, has not been studied thoroughly. In this study, we suggest that acute alcohol ingestion may decrease the vocal range of individuals.

 

Erik Langert, graduate student, computer science
Advisor: Zhongfei (Mark) Zhang, professor, computer science
Supporting In-Flight Calibration of OCO-3 Using Machine Learning
Abstract:
The OCO-2 mission utilizes high-fidelity camera spectrometers tuned to capture light emissions from CO2. Aboard this spacecraft, certain pixels have begun to go "bad" which will corrupt final science observations. The current in-flight calibration requires considerable time investments from experts with intricate instrument knowledge. As OCO-3 allows us to build upon the current systems in an automated and statistically-based manner. We aim to reduce the manual calibration burden and improve the calibration products’ uniformity by using a machine-learned process. We report progress towards detecting likely bad values in our data to “bad pixel” detection for both OCO-2 and OCO-3 calibration efforts.

 

Evan Larsen, geography, and Randy Lupin, environmental studies, both seniors
Advisor: John Frazier, SUNY distinguished service professor, geography
Economic Revitalization in Johnson City and Binghamton: Summary & Conclusion
Abstract:
This presentation examines the impacts of recent economic revitalization projects in Johnson City, New York and Binghamton, New York. The introduction of this presentation discussed the theoretical background of economic revitalization and how it applies to the gentrification of the study areas. The second and third presentations utilized various data sources to test hypotheses and analyze the overall economic impacts of the revitalization projects on their local areas. This final section provides a summary and potential strategies to help mitigate the negative impacts of these revitalization projects, such as displacement. Since the full impacts of economic revitalization manifest slowly over time, the two study areas must continue to be monitored and analyzed in order to fully understand how they are being impacted.


Vivian Lee, senior, nursing
Advisors: Geraldine Britton, assistant professor, Decker School of Nursing; Rosemary Collier, Lori Sprague and Joyce Rhodes-Keefe, all clinical assistant professors, Decker School of Nursing
The Application of the Health Promotion Model to Assist in the Development of a Tobacco Use Cessation Module for College Students: A Literature Review
Abstract:
Tobacco use is a known health risk that has been directly linked to many diseases. Alternative nicotine products are increasing in college aged students. The purpose of this study was to conduct a literature review exploring the application of constructs in Pender’s Health Promotion Model to assist in the development of a tobacco-use educational module. Databases included CINAHL and MEDLINE, using keywords smoking, hookah, and ENDS in conjunction with barriers, interpersonal influences, knowledge, and self-efficacy. Data produced 28 studies with 258,079 participants in total. A campus wide educational intervention is indicated to help college students attempting tobacco and nicotine cessation.

Margaret Leisenheimer, junior, theater
Advisor: Anne Brady, professor, theater
Diverged: A Journey of Judgment, Shakespeare, and Acceptance
Abstract:
There is a theme of judgment in today’s education system, whether it be from ourselves or others. Last summer I studied at Shakespeare & Company’s Summer Training Institute through the Summer Scholar’s & Artist’s Program. After a month of study, I devised a one-woman show, "Diverged", with help from my faculty advisor Anne Brady. It was an exploration of my cycle of self-judgment, using Shakespeare’s language to both release and accept these judgments. As culmination of this project, I performed "Diverged" on August 26 to an audience of over 90 people at Binghamton University’s Gruber Theater.

 

Haoming Li, junior, systems science and industrial engineering
Advisor: Wan Yu, assistant professor, geography
Transnationalism
Abstract: This research studies the geographical distribution of H-1B visa holders in the United States and the factors related to their distribution. Data on H-1B visa sponsors and skilled migrant employees come from Department of Labor Foreign Labor Certification Dataset from 2008 to 2017. GIS software will be used to reveal H-1B visa holders' distributions and statistical analysis will be used to examine the underlying factors. This study can contribute to the existing literature and public understanding on contemporary skilled immigration in the United States.


Yuanyuan Li, graduate student, biological sciences
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
The Fat Tastes Different: A Subset of Sweet-Sensing Neurons Identified by IR56d are Necessary and Sufficient for Fatty Acid Taste
Abstract:
One set of gustatory sensory neurons in Drosophila melanogaster is used for detection of nutritionally rich food. Previously, we showed that this population of neurons is required for reflexive feeding responses to both FAs and sugars but functional PLC pathway in these neurons is necessary only for FAs perception. The detection of different chemicals through the same neurons, but through different biochemical pathways was described in other insects, yet the implication of this separation on stimuli perception or discrimination remains unclear. We now describe specific populations of taste neurons mediating FA taste and FA feeding response that are identified by expression of Ionotropic Receptor 56d (IR56d).

 

Chen Liang, graduate student, mathematical sciences, and Michael Ogundele, graduate student, pharmaceutical sciences
Advisors: Ganggang Xu, assistant professor, mathematical sciences, and Yetrib Hathout, professor, pharmaceutical sciences
Clinical Validation of Serum Protein Biomarkers in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Abstract:
We implemented SomaScan proteome profiling, assaying 1,310 proteins in longitudinal sera samples collected from 32 Duchenne muscular dystrophy(DMD)patients (4-10 years old) with well-defined clinical outcome measures. Treatment with glucocorticoids improved all 4 clinical outcomes with the 10 m run/walk velocity being the most sensitive to treatment. The goal is to identify Biomarkers that are highly associated with clinical outcomes. To achieve this, a two-step procedure was used: in the first step candidate biomarkers were screened using Sorted L1 Penalized Estimation (SLOPE), and in the second step regression models with greatest predictive power were built.

 

Richard Liang, freshman, psychology 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Relationship Between Risk, Social Sparking, and Creative Self Efficacy
Abstract:
In today’s world, alternative thinking and creativity are highly desirable traits in workers. Studies have shown that people who are more likely to take risks and are more influenced by their external environment are more likely to be creative (Pirola-Merlo, Mann, 2004)(West, Ford, 2001). This study examines the relationship between an individual’s tendency to take risks and their confidence in their creativity, and how that relationship may be clarified with the inclusion of social sparking as a mediator.

 

Natalie Lista, senior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Sarah Laszlo, adjunct associate professor
Brainhacking: Examining a Possible Weakness in Brain-Based Biometric Security Systems
Abstract:
Researchers at Binghamton University have developed a protocol to uniquely identify individuals based on a set of event-related potentials (ERPs). This brain-based biometric promises greater security than almost any other existing system, but theoretically, a person could imitate another person’s ERP with repeated exposure (training) to a flashing light. We examined this possible vulnerability with 9 subjects. While we were able to confirm that entrainment occurred, no evidence was found that the Brainhack protocol can produce enough similarity between two individuals to mimic the similarity of two measures of the same individual.

 

Justin Lok, junior, biochemistry
Advisors: Peter Donovick and Matthew Johnson, professors of psychology
A Meta-Analysis of the Usage of Medication in ADHD Treatment
Abstract:
ADHD affects children’s ability to socialize and perform in their everyday environment. The recommended treatment to help children with ADHD is Behavioral Parent Training (BPT), although treatments vary from behavioral treatment, meditation, and medication. This meta-analysis looks at the overuse of stimulants in the treatment of children with ADHD. The meta-analysis shows that 78% of the children in clinical care were receiving ADHD medication. The CDC recommends the usage of BPT as it has been shown to have longer lasting results with no long-term negative impact. As a backup treatment, stimulation treatment is shown to be overused.

 

Rebecca Mancusi, junior, biomedical engineering
Advisor: Brian Callahan, assistant professor, chemistry
A Novel Luciferase Assay to Quantify Hedgehog Signaling in Vitro
Abstract:
The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved system for cell-cell communication, with significant roles in embryonic development and adult stem cell maintenance. Importantly, dysregulated activity of the hedgehog pathway drives a variety of cancers. My research focuses on the development of a novel cellular assay to quantify a key step in the hedgehog pathway. The assay uses light output from an engineered reporter enzyme called luciferase, and presents a major improvement compared to time-consuming immunological methods. Our ultimate goal is to apply this assay to identify inhibitors of the hedgehog pathway for potential applications in cancer treatment.

 

Yanbing Mao, graduate student, electrical and computer engineering
Advisor: Emrah Akyol, assistant professor, electrical and computer engineering
Evolution of Public Opinion in the Presence of News Agencies
Abstract:
The problem of (mis)information spreading in social networks in the presence of news agencies is studied. The considered dynamics of social networks is a more realistic, which is modified from the DeGroot-Friedkin model. In our study, the evolution of an individual's opinion depends on his innate opinions, friendship network and the presence of news agencies. In the situation where the detailed weight function is unknown, the estimation of equilibrium point under bounded estimation errors is provided. For the case of linear weight function, an algorithm that can solve the unique equilibrium point is derived. In this context, we also study the extreme opinion spreading in social networks.

 

Cliff Marks, urban planning and geology, Dylan Stackpole, urban economics, and Dylan Markowitz, economics and urban regional planning, all seniors
Advisor: John Frazier, SUNY distinguished service professor, geography 
Johnson City Health Sciences Campus Vs Koffman Southern Tier Incubator: Demographic and Housing Analysis and Revitalization’s Effect on Gentrification and Displacement
Abstract:
This analysis compares the demographic and economic trends between the Binghamton University Health Science’s Campus in Johnson City study area and the Koffman Southern Tier Incubator’s study area. Our areas of focus include key demographics such as total population, median household incomes, educational attainment levels, and housing tenures of the two study areas. This analysis will include both quantitative data collected using U.S. Census and other data agglomeration sources, and qualitative data, including a comparative analysis of interviews held by local business people from both areas. The goal of this analysis is to examine the process of economic revitalization as it relates to gentrification and displacement, and to better understand the determining factors behind displacement within the two study areas. By studying these areas, the data should indicate that as the student population increases in downtown Binghamton so will renter population. We expect this to lead to an increase in rent and potential displacement of former occupants.

 

Christabel Martinez, graduate student, geography, and Raul Cepin, graduate student, sociology 
Advisor: John Frazier, SUNY distinguished service professor, geography
Theories of Outcomes of Economic Revitalization and Displacement: Prescriptions for Local Planning
Abstract:
This presentation delves into how theories of gentrification and the potential positive and negative impacts of gentrification on community neighborhoods. These are reviewed for relevance for two local communities in terms of potential changes in demographics, potential displacement of residents and other factors. Presentation of interviews, photographs and census data this poster constructs a hypothesis of how and why people can be displaced. Through reviewing primary accounts from community stakeholders, such as religious leaders and families, this poster demonstrates how the Koffman Southern Tier Incubator and BU Health Sciences Campus could lead to displacement of particular households and demographic changes in their surrounding areas. Specifically, economic revitalization can lead to changes in demographics and influence class, race and socioeconomic status. These are important considerations because understanding forces involved in previous revitalization efforts may be a prescription for intervention that reduces the negative impacts of communities and their disadvantaged populations.

 

Ariel Massias, senior, mechanical engineering
Advisor: Ronald Miles, distinguished professor, mechanical engineering 
Sound Radiation of a Loudspeaker
Abstract:
This project examines the three-dimensional sound radiation pattern of a loudspeaker using analytical, computational, and experimental methods. I modeled and tested systems at various placements and configurations of different loudspeaker drivers. I processed computational simulations in MATLAB and the experimental measurements are conducted in the anechoic chamber at the Binghamton University Acoustics Core.

 

Joseph Mauro, junior, biochemistry, Azva Alvi, sophomore, biochemistry, Tyler Spohr, senior, integrative neuroscience 
Advisor: Susan Flynn, clinical assistant professor, Freshman Research Immersion and chemistry
Monitoring The Effects Of Post-Translational Modifications On Amyloid-Beta Peptide Aggregation 
Abstract:
Amyloid-beta (Aß) peptides are known to play a key role in the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease. Although naturally occurring, excessive nucleation and aggregation of Aß peptides can lead to the formation of plaque deposits around neuronal cells in the cerebrospinal fluid, contributing to neurodegeneration. This study investigates the effects of phosphorylation, pyroglutamylation, and isomerization of specific amino acid residues on the aggregation of Aß peptides. Our preliminary results suggest that post-translational modifications of Aß peptides increase the rate at which the peptides aggregate to form amyloid plaques. These findings may provide useful insight into the development of therapeutics against neurodegeneration.

 

Jason P. McKenna, senior, electrical and computer engineering
Advisor: Charles Westgate, professor emeritus, electrical and computer engineering
Characterizing Distortion of LED Light Fixtures on the Power Grid
Abstract:
The use of LED lighting has grown in recent years due to their long lifespans and their low operating cost for the customer. Due to their design, LED light fixtures can produce significant distortion into the power grid and ultimately increase losses in transmission lines. The purpose of this paper is to measure the characteristics of LED light fixtures and predict the large-scale effects these have on the power grid. The tests include measuring the distortion with different input voltages and the effects of dimming.

 

Haomiao Meng, graduate student, mathematics
Advisor: Xingye Qiao, associate professor, mathematical sciences
Individual Treatment Rule with Reject and Refine Options
Abstract:
Individual Treatment Rule (ITR) is a rule that assigns different patients with proper treatments. From the perspective of machine learning, it can be viewed as a classification problem under the goal that maximizes patients' benefits or minimizes patients' cost. In this project, we propose a new Individualized Treatment Rule with Reject and Refine Options (ITRRNR), i.e. a rule that can suggest multiple treatments to patients. The new rule is more flexible compared to the original ITR. An innovative method is then presented to efficiently estimate the optimal ITRRNR. A simulation study also shows the usefulness of this new method.

 

Mauricio Montes, sophomore, psychology
Advisor: Michel Shamoon-Pour, visiting assistant professor, anthropology
Mitochondrial Diversity in the South Coast of West New Guinea
Abstract:
Early migrations and the isolation of the people of New Guinea have fostered genetic and linguistic diversity on the island, which provides insight into the peopling of the Pacific region. It is believed that the first people entered New Guinea ~60 thousand years ago introducing haplogroups M, P, and Q. This study identified the mitochondrial lineages of 96 serum samples from Binghamton University Bioarchive representing populations of the south coast of West New Guinea (WNG). Results support two early migrations resulting in first peopling of the south coast of WNG and suggest that the out-of-Taiwan Austronesian migration never reached this region. 

 

Kayla Murray, senior, psychology
Advisor: Jennifer Gillis Mattson, associate professor, psychology
Personal Burnout in Direct Staff Serving Individuals with Developmental Disabilities
Abstract:
Burnout is prevalent among direct care staff serving individuals with developmental disabilities. The present survey examined burnout in 167 staff working with individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and included questions regarding experiences of burnout and aspects of work life. Correlations indicated the following work-related variables were associated with burnout: client severity, the number of hours worked per week, and the number of instructional programs per client. In addition, level of burnout was higher for participants that worked within a residential setting compared to those that did not. Findings inform possible ways to address work-related variables in order to mitigate burnout among staff.

 

Lucas Do Nascimento, junior, nursing 
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies 
The influence of childhood diet on future physical and mental health
Abstract:
Nutrition is important to many aspects of daily life and is essential for physiological and social functioning. Understanding when nutritional habits are formed and what impact they have on other aspects of health is critical to creating and maintaining optimal health. The way we live during childhood greatly impacts our behavior in adulthood. Thus, this study focused on the impact of childhood diet on future physical and mental health. While the link between diet, exercise, and mental health is often implied, the way in which dietary changes with age influence these factors is unclear. The purpose was to investigate the way in which dietary habits change and to examine if there is a relationship between food habits, exercise, and mental health between middle school and college.

 

Antonia Nevias-Ida, junior, human development
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies 
Food, Alcohol and Stress: Investigating the Norms of the Modern College Lifestyle
Abstract:
Unhealthy behaviors, such as high stress levels, excessive alcohol consumption, and poor diet tend to cluster in college students. The goal of this study is to investigate the interaction of these behaviors in college students. A 47-question online survey, adapted from the ESPAD, was used to evaluate associations between these behaviors. Our study reports some significant associations between diet quality, alcohol consumption and stress. This is important as it furthers the idea that problematic lifestyle behaviors do not occur in isolation, but are related to each other in some way. 

Corey Orlik, junior, physics
Advisor: Bonggu Shim, assistant professor, physics
Probing Ferroelectric Bismuth Ferrite via Second-Harmonic Generation Spectroscopy
Abstract:
Epitaxially grown bismuth ferrite is a promising multiferroic material due to its large spontaneous polarization. In an attempt to determine the effect of a crystalline substrate on the symmetry of the bismuth ferrite film, second-harmonic generation was used to probe the sample. Fitting experimental polar plots of second-harmonic signal to theoretical equations based on point group symmetry was done to determine the point group of the sample. Our preliminary data suggests the film is monoclinic, however further experimentation is necessary to confirm this result.

 

Yumi Otsu, sophomore, Korean studies
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
Gender Differences in the Korean Society
Abstract:
I examined gendered aspects of the Korean language as expressed in traditions and ideologies, discourses, and the Korean Pop (K-Pop) music culture. I argue that Korean contains embedded gender discrimination and stereotypes about women that are deeply rooted in Confucian traditions. I analyzed how discourses and related kinship and occupational terms show gender discrimination. Popular because it is thought of as simply music, I reveal the embedded gender discrimination of K-Pop. I use K-Pop lyrics and music videos to examine how women mitigate their disempowerment through strategies in vocabulary choice. Although it is embedded, we can change it over time if we are aware of it.

 

Jennifer Pangburn, sophomore, biology
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Effect of Gender and Age on Creative Self-Efficacy
Abstract:
Creativity is an important characteristic, especially when implemented in the workplace. This project draws attention to the question if confidence in one's creativity is different among men and women. Two hundred and six professionals were surveyed at an engineering firm on the topic of creativity. Although current literature claims that men tend to have a slightly higher creative self-efficacy than women (Karwowski 2013), after analyzing the data, the result of this survey showed that there was no correlation between gender and creative self-efficacy. However, when age was controlled for, there was a positive correlation between gender and creative-self efficacy.

 

Meghana Parik, graduate student, biology
Advisor: Pavel Masek, assistant professor, biological sciences
Effect of Sub-Lethal Doses of Pesticide on Drosophila Melanogaster's Survival and Behavior
Abstract:
In nature, organisms are exposed to variety of chemical compounds, some of which are detrimental to them. Humans release many toxic chemicals into the environment as a byproduct of agricultural treatments. We are trying to understand the effect of these toxic compounds on animals, including humans. Toxicology often evaluates the lethal effects of chemicals. However, there is growing recognition that sublethal concentrations may also have negative consequences. Therefore, we are interested in exploring whether and how sublethal exposure affects animal behavior. The fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster, has a rich behavioral repertoire and offers a powerful genetic toolkit. Therefore, we wish to develop a simple system to evaluate the effect of sub-lethal doses of pesticide in Drosophila.

 

Omkar R. Patil, graduate student, biomedical engineering; and Wei Wang and Yang Gao, graduate students in computer science, University at Buffalo
Advisor: Zhanpeng Jin, visiting associate professor, electrical and computer engineering
Laplacian Pyramid Based Non-Contact Vital Sign Monitoring System Using Camera
Abstract:
A camera-based continuous vital signs monitoring system can play an important role in analyzing an individual's daily health. In this study, we have developed a novel technique to extract heart rate (HR) and photoplethysmography (PPG) from facial videos recorded with a camera in varying light conditions. This method is based on Laplacian pyramid construction from recorded video and amplifying it to a specific color segment in each frame in order to improve accuracy for long-term use without frequent calibration. The data is from 10 subjects with 10 videos, each recorded in different light conditions over a month. Results showed promising improvements in signal to noise ratio (SNR) compared with previously proposed methods. The average accuracy for HR estimation is 93.5% compared with 87.9% accuracy for traditional camera based HR estimation methods.

 

Matthew Pereira, graduate student, biochemistry
Advisor: Laura Musselman, assistant professor, biological sciences
The Effects of Dietary Additives on Intestinal Permeability in Drosophila
Abstract:
Intestinal permeability has been correlated with aging and diseases like type 2 diabetes, Crohn’s, and Celiac. Their prevalence has increased with industrial food processing and additive consumption. Additives, including sugar, metal oxide nanoparticles, surfactants, and salt have been suggested to increase intestinal permeability. By utilizing a Drosophila in vivo model, we examined their effects on intestinal permeability. We also tested the activity of a gut mucosal defense factor, intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP), which affects intestinal permeability. This study extends previous work in humans showing that diet can play a role in the health of the gut barrier.

 

Vonica A. Pierre-Louis, sophomore, sociology
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
Many Parts of A Whole: Redefining Black Female Images on U.S. Television Outside of the Structure and Away from the Male Gaze
Abstract:
​The present study examines the representations of Black female identity on television shows. My hypothesis is that representations of Black women in television shows have moved beyond the negative stereotypes that Black women have been subjected to since slavery to a representation that views them as human beings. I analyze the television shows Scandal, Being Mary Jane, and Insecure using a coding system I created to see if the Black female characters are plural and whole human beings. I conclude that more data should be collected and the methodology needs modification to reflect the implications of the scores given.

 

Abu Rahat, graduate student, neuroscience
Advisor: Howard Chang, assistant professor, biological Sciences 
ALS Causal Genes Trf-1 and traf-1 
Abstract:
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that elicits loss of mobility and respiratory function. Since the identification of the first ALS causal gene, superoxide dismutase SOD1, many genes that contribute to ALS pathology have been identified. By using C. elegans in an avoidance assay, we show that ALS causative genes trf-1, and traf-1 deletion mutants exhibits an avoidance phenotype. Since avoidance assay reflects defects in worm’s sensory neuronal input. We show that fust-1 co-localizes with the amphid sensory neuron ASEL. Overall this provides us with evidence that ALS causative genes may play a role in redox homeostasis.

 

Moses Reyes, freshman, nursing, and Jack Casey, freshman, biomedical engineering 
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
The Value Placed on Diversity at College Demonstrated by Cross Cultural Training
Abstract:
Diversity training in the workforce increases workers’ cultural awareness, sensitivity, and inclusion to benefit organizations by improving interactions between colleagues, customers, and clients of all backgrounds. Business schools introduce students to career preparation programs that reflect the skills and demands of the workforce, including the increasing integration of diversity training. This study examines the link between a business school’s value of diversity and students’ feelings of preparedness for the workforce.

 

Adelle Ricci, sophomore, biology
Advisor: Kim Jaussi, associate professor, School of Management
Creative Catalyst: Beyond Transformational Leadership
Abstract:
Creative catalyst leaders enhance follower creativity, whereas transformational leaders focus on development, values, and performance above expectations. We present a confirmatory Q-sort taken by 50 experts that establishes the constructs of creative catalyst and transformational leadership as distinct, yet overlapping. Their overlap is within their intellectual stimulation and inspirational motivation of others. 

 

Stephen Eduard Borja Ruiz, senior, biochemistry
Advisors: Chuan-Jian Zhong, professor, chemistry, and Shan Yan, graduate student, chemistry
Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles and Nanowires for Wearable Sensor Applications
Abstract:
Flexible electronics and paper electronics have shown increasing promises for developing low-cost, portable and disposable devices for a wide range of applications, including wearable sensors, biosensors, clinical diagnosis, food quality control and environmental monitoring. Conductive inks are critical for manufacturing flexible or paper electronics. Metal nanoparticles and nanowires exhibit greatly enhanced percolation, good connectivity and high degree of flexibility and stretchability. The present work focuses on demonstrating a scalable route synthesizing and characterization of nanoparticles and nanowires for printing conductive traces for wearable sensors. The investigation focuses on understanding factors controlling size and composition of metal nanoparticles and nanowires for fabricating wearable devices and sensors.

 

Gabrielle Schaffer, junior, psychology and mathematics; Samantha Kelly, junior, biology; Diana Min, senior, integrative neuroscience
Advisor: Sarah Laszlo, adjunct associate professor, psychology
The influence of age and vocabulary level on children's word deciphering skills
Abstract: This experiment investigates the correlation between age and brain processing of words and acronyms, using vocabulary knowledge as a mediating factor. Brain and behavioral data was collected from 56 children, ages 6-16. We assessed participants’ vocabulary levels using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT-4). Electroencephalography (EEG) equipment was used to collect participants’ brain responses to words and acronyms, and these responses were averaged to form Event Related Potential (ERP) waveforms. The waveform data for words and acronyms was then graphed, allowing us to see the distinctions and overlap between the different stimulus types.

 

Kathryn Schubert, senior, English
Advisors: William Pavlovich and James Hundley, program coordinators, global studies 
Going and Growing Green: Madrid on Facing Climate Change 
Abstract:
This capstone project seeks to reveal how Madrid, a major European city, is combatting climate change through city-wide changes that directly affect and benefit residents of Madrid. After a month of living in Madrid, many things about the Spanish lifestyle stand out as efficient and environmentally friendly. This capstone project seeks to address the successful adaptations Madrid has made to reduce their impact on the global climate, and to also explain to readers the methods in which other big cities and individuals can also contribute to the fight against climate change.

 

Chenelle Seck, senior, sociology
Advisors: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities; Kelvin Santiago-Valles, associate professor, sociology; William Martin, professor, sociology
School Segregation in the Southern Tier: Consequences of Race And Class on Education
Abstract:
The United States has one of the most unfair, unequal, and classist educational systems. Students who live in wealthy neighborhoods reap the benefits of a resourceful education with qualified teachers in smaller classrooms, resulting in better school performance and higher graduation rates. Students who live in lower-class or impoverished neighborhoods receive subpar education with less qualified teachers, overcrowded classrooms, and a lower chance of graduating and attending college. A majority of American students attend schools that are heavily segregated, meaning that most of their peers are from the same racial or ethnic background. Among minority groups, African Americans are the most segregated in the educational system, six decades after the Brown vs. Board of Education case. Policies must be implemented to provide equal access and quality education to all students, regardless of race, family background, or residence, all of which play an important role in segregation in American schools. In this paper, I analyze the school systems in the Greater Binghamton, N.Y. area.

 

Shabnam Seyedzadeh Sabounchi, graduate student, community and public affairs
Advisors: Serdar Atav, professor, Decker School of Nursing, Leon Cosler, chair, health outcomes and administrative sciences
Factors Influencing Emergency Health Care Providers to Prescribe Opioids for Dental related conditions in Emergency Departments

Abstract: Since the late 1990s, the legitimate prescription of opioids to treat chronic non-cancer pain has increased. Studies have reported an increase in emergency department visits for dental conditions from 2000 to 2010. However, there are no current data on rate of opioid prescriptions in emergency departments for dental conditions after 2010. The aim of this study was to investigate the opioid prescriptions for non-traumatic dental visits in United States’ emergency departments in national basis from 2013 to 2015 and find causal relationships through analyzing the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), which is a public-use health survey. 

 

Alexa Sikoryak, environmental planning and geography computer applications, and Michael Davis, geography and urban planning, both juniors
Advisors: Norah Henry, associate professor, geography, and Jay Newberry, assistant professor, geography
Deer Detection in a Nature Preserve: Applying Geo-Spatial Analysis
Abstract:
This study utilizes geospatial technologies to ascertain the detectability of deer in the Binghamton University nature preserve. Methods include geo-coding the location of animal tracks, droppings, and deer using visual, panchromatic, and thermal detection. Overflights using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs/drones) utilize data collected by field reconnaissance to detect deer in densely vegetated locations. A user-friendly GIS product displays resulting data collected through fieldwork and drone overflight.

 

Eric Smith and Michael Konchan, seniors, integrative neuroscience
Advisors: Garret Honke, postdoctoral research associate, psychology, and Sarah Lazlo, adjunct associate professor, psychology
Perceiving Similarity Without Similarity: A Cross-Sectional Examination of Human Similarity Judgments and Their Relationship to Language and the N400 Component
Abstract:
Feature and relational overlap are principal determinants of psychological similarity. However, people often judge thematic associates like COW and GRASS to be more similar than taxonomic category members like COW and PIG. This study explores the developmental hypothesis that thematic intrusion on human similarity judgments shifts overtime as a function of language ability and age. Similarity judgments were collected in a match-to-sample triad task and these patterns were analyzed relative to age, language ability and ERP (N400) amplitude. Early results show that increased taxonomic matching and stronger language ability predict differences in N400 amplitude.

 

Matthew Sperzel, senior, economics
Advisor: William Pavlovich, global studies program coordinator
An Uncertain Future: Analyzing the Economic Forces at Work Behind the PRC’s Role in the South China Sea Dispute
Abstract:
This project examines the connection between China’s militarization of the South China Sea (SCS) and the state of its economic development. The goal of my research is to interpret China’s goals in the SCS as economically-driven, and discuss the strategic importance of the region that warrants China’s interest in its annexation. Ultimately, I shed light on the societal implications of China’s foreign policy and unveil a broader relationship between China’s abating economic growth, it’s pursuit of “hard power,” and surging nationalism. In doing this, we can better grasp the reasons behind this conflict and work towards mutual understanding and cooperation.

 

Kayden Stockwell, senior, psychology and human development
Advisor: Jennifer Gillis Mattson, associate professor, psychology
Impact of Behavior and Special Interest Topic in the Stigmatization of Autistic College Students
Abstract:
Stigmatization of mental health conditions and developmental disorders, including social anxiety (SA) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), can lead to detrimental outcomes for individuals with those conditions. This study examined how a college student sample stigmatized peers exhibiting behavioral profiles of ASD or SA and neurotypicals. We investigated the relationship of behavior (specifically social deficits) and special interest topic with degree of stigmatization as determined by the social distance scale. Results highlight the importance of considering how to prepare neurotypical students to think inclusively about those who are different from them.

Justin Strohl, senior, environmental policy
Advisor: Diana Gildea, IURH coordinator, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
History of the Green Revolution
Abstract:
This poster explains the historical tendency of Capitalism to unravel the socio-ecological relations that sustain pre-existing cultures though co-producing newer environments in which the relations of the previously existing cultures are in disequilibrium. This essay will specifically focus on capitalist agriculture; how changes in environments brought about through capitalist oriented agricultural processes result in foundational changes socio-ecological changes in societies. These changes can potentially reorganize state structure, ideology, culture and the law of value in societies. The result of this unraveling is often the destruction of the culture in question.

 

Eileen Taveras, junior, psychology; Khizer Awan, junior, integrative neuroscience; Rachel Weg, sophomore, biological sciences; Lauren Cristodero, senior, psychology; Aiyana Rathgeber, junior, anthropology
Advisor: Lina Begdache, assistant professor, health and wellness studies 
Diet and Physical Activity and its Effects on College Students 
Abstract:
Studies have shown that diet and exercise are positively correlated with mental health. No studies have focused on these effects with relation to athletic involvement in college students. An anonymous internet survey was sent through social media, email, and text message. This survey was a modified version of Diet Mood Questionnaire. Participants were of all genders and ranged from ages 18-22 years, from different US colleges x. Bivariate analyses were used to identify correlation between variables. Our results reflect the positive relationship between physical activity and mental health. This project was part of a Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experience (CURE).

 

Jason Tercha, graduate student, history
Advisor: Nancy Um, professor, art history
Identifying Patterns in Nineteenth Century American Agriculture
Abstract:
In the mid-nineteenth century, the United States was an agricultural country. The vast majority of its people were engaged, either directly or indirectly, in agricultural industries. Improvements to transportation connected farmers to ever-distant markets and reshaped the market economy. This project analyzes patterns in agricultural production. Using dynamic digital comparison techniques available in Tableau, the project analyzes federal census and spatial data made available by the IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System project. Through a high-resolution comparison of agricultural commodities, it identifies notable locations for closer analysis and underscores the regional diversity of antebellum American agriculture.

 

Bryon Tuthill, graduate student, biology 
Advisor: Laura Musselman, assistant professor, biological sciences
Dietary Effects of Metabolic Disease in Drosophila
Abstract: Obesity and related diseases can result from the over consumption of diets high in carbohydrates. In our work, we use Drosophila to study obesity-associated metabolic disorders such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We and others have shown diabetes-like biochemical and physiological phenotypes in flies fed high-sugar diets. Interestingly, some flies thrive on high-sugar diets, whereas other genotypes cannot tolerate them. Our goal is to understand the metabolic pathways controlling the ability to maintain metabolic health in the face of overconsumption. Obese flies may develop lipotoxicity, or abnormal fat accumulation, in peripheral tissues during high-sugar feeding. Using a combination of approaches to test exercise capacity, lipid content, and heart and excretory function, we will analyze the effects of diet and genotype on Drosophila. The long-term goal of this research is to determine how the diet contributes to metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes.

 

Wenbo Wang, graduate student, mathematical sciences
Advisor: Xingye Qiao, associate professor, mathematical sciences
Support Vector Machine with Confidence
Abstract:
Classification with confidence is a new type of problem whose goal, in the binary case, is to identify two regions with a specific coverage probability for each class. We propose a support vector-type classifier to achieve classification with confidence. Efficient algorithms are developed and numerical studies are conducted to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Lin Yao, graduate student, mathematics
Advisors: Xingye Qiao, associate professor, mathematical sciences, and Ganggang Xu, assistant professor, mathematical sciences
James-Stein Type Optimal Weight Choice for Frequentist Model Average Estimator
Abstract:
We propose a procedure to obtain optimal weight choice for frequentist model average estimators with respect to the mean squared error (MSE). As a basis for demonstrating our idea, we consider averaging over a sequence of linear regression models. Our model averaging method is based James-Stein (JS), we adaptively shrink the OLS estimator towards either the narrow model or the full model, and select weights that minimize the model averaged estimator's MSE. Asymptotic optimality of the proposed method is investigated. A Monte Carlo study evaluates and compares the finite sample properties of this mechanism with those of the existing methods.

 

Yue Zhang, graduate student, computer science
Advisor: Arti Ramesh, assistant professor, computer science
A Structured Approach to Understanding Recovery and Relapse in AA
Abstract:
Recovery from Alcoholism, Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), is known to be challenging and often leads to relapse at various points after enrolling in a rehabilitation program such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). In this work, we take a structured approach to understanding recovery and relapse from AUD using social media data. We combine linguistic and psychological attributes of users with relational features that capture useful structure in the user interaction network. Finally, we present a qualitative analysis of the different reasons behind users relapsing to AUD. Our models and analysis are helpful in making meaningful predictions in scenarios where only a subset of features are available and can potentially be helpful in identifying and preventing relapse early.